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Using Verbal and Visual Prompts to Reduce Litter in High Schools in Perth, Australia

Cases
Houghton, S. (1993). Using verbal and visual prompts to control littering in high schools. Educational Studies, 19, 3, 247-254.
Verbal and visual prompts were most effective when used in combination. On average, the number of littered items was reduced to 2.5 in the cafeteria compared to 7.3 items before …

Conserving Energy and Water at University of California at Santa Cruz with the Use of Norms and Prompts

Cases
Aronson, E. & O'Leary, M. (1982-83). The relative effectiveness of models and prompts on energy conservation: A field experiment in a shower room. Journal of Environmental Systems, 12, 3, 219-224.
When only the sign prompt was used to encourage water conservation, 6% of bathers turned off the water while they soaped up. In contrast, when a fellow university student modeled…

Using Block Leaders and Prompts to Improve Participation in Curbside Recycling in Denver Colorado

Cases
Although all interventions improved particiaptions, it is clearly the block leaders who had the most significant impact on behavior. Fully one third of residents were recycling by…

Global Action Plan Community Lifestyles Campaign

Cases
Gershon, D. & Gilman, R. (1991). Household ecoteam workbook: A six month program to bring your household into environmental balance. Uxbridge, Ontario:
In the United States on average households that participate in Ecoteams produce 42% less garbage, use 25% less water, produce 16% less CO2, and use 16% less fuel for transportatio…

The Effect of Mild and Strong Public Commitments on Energy Conservation in Jackson, Michigan

Cases
Shippee, G. E., & Gregory, W. L. (1982). Public commitment and energy conservation. American Journal of Community Psychology, 10, 1, 81-93.
It was anticipated that the strong commitment group would consume less energy than the other group. However, this was not the case. The mild commitment group used 30% less natur…

Improving Energy Conservation With Effective Home Audit Programs in California Using Communication and Commitment

Cases
Aronson, E. (1990). Applying social psychology to desegregation and energy conservation. Special Issue: Illustrating the value of basic research. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 16, 1, 118-132.
Since the home audit program is expensive to complete (US$ 115), PG&E hoped to make the visits as influential as possible. Through the use of communication and commitment, audito…

Using Commitment to Reduce Energy Consumption in Iowa City

Cases
Pallak, M.S., D.A. Cook and J.J. Sullivan (1980). Commitment and Energy Conservation. In L. Bickman (ed.), Applied Social Psychology Annual 235-253, Beverley Hills, Ca: Sage.
Evaluation after one month revealed that public commitment had reduced energy consumption by 10-20 %. Furthermore, this behavior change was evident throughout the year their mete…

Washington State Promotes the Purchase of Recycled Content Products With Prompts in the "Get in the Loop, Buy Recycled" Program

Cases
King County commission for Marketing Recyclable Materials & Atwood, A. M. (1994). Consumer research survey: Knowledge, attitudes, and purchase of recycled-content products. King County Commission for Marketing Recyclable Materials.
During the 1994-1995 program year, "Get in the L, Buy Recycled" has a budget of US$ 275,000. Funding for the campaign came from the State of Washington, participating recycled pr…

Giving Trash the Boot! German Fest & The Boot Mug

Cases
During the first year of the program, the boot mugs were sold for a dollar more than the cost of a regular beer. Within the first two and half-hours, all 5000 were sold. Some were…

Eliciting Energy Efficient Driving Styles with the Use of Feedback from Postal Workers in the Netherlands

Cases
Siero, S., Boon, M., Kok, G., & Siero, F. (1989). Modification of driving behavior in a large transport organization: A field
The intervention combining information and feedback elicited 7.3% energy savings compared to the control condition. Moreover, six months later, 5.5% savings was measured.

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