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Changing Behavior and Making it Stick: The Conceptualization and Management of Conservation Behavior

Articles
De Young, R. (1993). Changing behavior and making it stick: The conceptualization and management of conservation behavior. Environment and Behavior, 25, 4, 485-505.
Discusses categorization of conservation behavior change techniques (BCTs), the role techniques offer the individual whose behavior is being changed, and a means of evaluating the…

Toward More Effective Antecedent Strategies for Environmental Programs

Articles
Ester, P. & Winett, R. A. (1982). Toward more effective antecedent strategies for environmental programs. Journal of Environmental Systems, 11, 3, 201-221.
Antecedent strategies such as information and prompts when used to promote proenvironmental practices, i.e., energy and water conservation, recycling and litter control, use of ma…

Applied Behavior Analysis and Social Marketing: An Integration for Environmental Preservation

Articles
Geller, E. S. (1989). Applied behavior analysis and social marketing: An integration for environmental preservation. Journal of Social Issues, 45, 1, 17-36.
Basic principles of applied behavior analysis and social marketing are reviewed with reference to the development of action plans to protect the environment. Behavior-change pro…

Norm Activation and Environmental Action: A Rejoinder to R.E. Dunlap and K.D. VanLiere

Articles
Heberlein, T. A. (1977). Norm activation and environmental action: A rejoinder to R.E. Dunlap and K.D. VanLiere. Journal of Social Issues, 33, 3, 207-211.

The Value Basis of Environmental Concern

Articles
Stern, P.C., & Dietz, T. (1994). The value basis of environmental concern. Journal of Social Issues, 50, 3, 65-84.
Describes empirical tests of a theory linking values, beliefs, attitudes, and behavior within a preference construction framework emphasizing the activation of personal environmen…

Litter Reduction: A Review and Integration of the Literature. Special Issue: Litter Control and Recycling

Articles
Huffman, K. T., Grossnickle, W. F., Cope, J. G., & Huffman, K. P. (1995). Litter reduction: A review and integration of the literature. Special Issue: Litter control and recycling. Environment and Behavior, 27, 2, 153-183.
Examined 40 articles and 59 studies that employed either an antecedent strategy (ATS) or consequence strategy (CQS) to integrate behavioral and social changes in communities and i…

Recycling as Altruistic Behavior: Normative and Behavioral Strategies to Expand Participation in a Community Recycling Program

Articles
Hopper, J. R., & Nielsen, J. M. (1991). Recycling as altruistic behavior: Normative and behavioral strategies to expand participation in a community recycling program. Environment and Behavior, 23, 2, 195-220.
Experimental and survey data from 122 residents of a large urban neighborhood with a community-wide curbside recycling program confirm that recycling behavior is consistent with S…

Factors Influencing Household Recycling Behavior

Articles
Oskamp, S., Harrington, M. J., Edwards, T. C., Sherwood, D. L., Okuda, S. M., & Swanson, D. C. (1991). Factors influencing household recycling behavior. Environment and Behavior, 23, 4, 494-519.
Conducted telephone interviews to study the recycling behavior, attitudes, and knowledge of 221 adults in a suburban city that had begun a citywide curbside recycling program with…

Energy Conservation: A Social Dilemma Approach. Special Issue: Applied Perspectives on Social and Temporal Dilemmas

Articles
Samuelson, C. D. (1990). Energy conservation: A social dilemma approach. Special Issue: Applied perspectives on social and temporal dilemmas. Social Behaviour, 5, 4, 207-230.
Analyzes the problem of residential energy use and energy conservation, using a social dilemma approach. Laboratory experiments on social dilemmas and field studies of energy cons…

Reactance and Norm Appeal in Anti-Littering Messages

Articles
Reich, J. W., & Robertson, J. L. (1979). Reactance and norm appeal in anti-littering messages. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 9, 1, 91-101.
Conducted 3 experiments with a total of 390 children (over age 10 yrs) patronizing public swimming pool concessions to test a model of how anti-littering messages vary in the kind…

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