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Litter Reduction: A Review and Integration of the Literature. Special Issue: Litter Control and Recycling

Articles
Huffman, K. T., Grossnickle, W. F., Cope, J. G., & Huffman, K. P. (1995). Litter reduction: A review and integration of the literature. Special Issue: Litter control and recycling. Environment and Behavior, 27, 2, 153-183.
Examined 40 articles and 59 studies that employed either an antecedent strategy (ATS) or consequence strategy (CQS) to integrate behavioral and social changes in communities and i…

Drop and Tilt: A Comparison of Two Procedures to Increase the Use of Venetian Blinds to Conserve Energy

Articles
Luyben, P. D. (1984). Drop and tilt: A comparison of two procedures to increase the use of venetian blinds to conserve energy. Journal of Community Psychology, 12, 2, 149-154.
Dropping and tilting venetian blinds appropriately can reduce unnecessary heat loss through window glass. Previous research has shown that both feedback and payments can effective…

Motivating Beverage Container Recycling on a College Campus

Articles
Luyben, P. & Cummings, S. (1981-1982). Motivating beverage container recycling on a college campus. Journal of Environmental Systems, 11, 3, 235-245.
Maintaining our materials base for production in the face of the declining energy and materials resources requires effective procedures to encourage recycling of scarce resources.…

Newspaper Recycling Behavior: The Effects of Prompting and Proximity of Containers

Articles
Reid, D. H., Luyben, P. D., Rawers, R. J. & Bailey, J. S. (1976). Newspaper recycling behavior: the effects of prompting and proximity of containers. Environment and Behavior, 8, 471-481.
Used a multiple baseline experimental design to investigate prompting and proximity of recycling containers as variables affecting newspaper recycling by apartment residents. Fo…

Reactance and Norm Appeal in Anti-Littering Messages

Articles
Reich, J. W., & Robertson, J. L. (1979). Reactance and norm appeal in anti-littering messages. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 9, 1, 91-101.
Conducted 3 experiments with a total of 390 children (over age 10 yrs) patronizing public swimming pool concessions to test a model of how anti-littering messages vary in the kind…

Effects of Verbal Prompting and Block Characteristics on Participation in Curbside Newspaper Recycling

Articles
Spaccarelli, S., Zolik, E. & Jason, L. A. (1989-1990). Effects of verbal prompting and block characteristics on participation in curbside newspaper recycling. Journal of Environmental Systems, 19, 1, 45-57.
The effects of two prompting procedures to promote curbside recycling of newspapers were evaluated. Results indicated no effect on weekly percent participation after handbills al…

An Analysis of Public Posting in Reducing Speeding Behavior on an Urban Highway

Articles
Van Houten, R., Nau, P. A. & Marini, Z. (1980). An analysis of public posting in reducing speeding behavior on an urban highway. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13, 3, 383-395.
Using a reversal design, the percentage of drivers speeding on an urban highway was measured with a concealed radar unit (baseline condition). During the daily posting condition…

Increasing Blood Donor Pledge Fulfillment

Articles
Pittman, T. S., Pallak, M. S., Riggs, J. M., & Gotay, C. C. (1981). Increasing blood donor pledge fulfillment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 7, 2, 195-200.
Two studies conducted during campus blood drives assessed two techniques derived from a commitment and social support analysis that were designed to increase the rate of pledge fu…

Increasing Recycling in Office Environments: The Effects of Specific, Informative Cues

Articles
Austin, J., Hatfield, D. B., Grindle, A. C., & Bailey, J. S. (1993). Increasing recycling in office environments: The effects of specific, informative cues. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 26, 2, 247-253.
Investigated the effects of prompts on the recycling behavior of approximately 217 faculty, staff, and graduate students in 2 academic departments of a large university. During th…

Who Recycles and When? A Review of Personal and Situational Factors

Articles
Schultz, P. W., Oskamp, S., & Mainieri, T. (1995). Who recycles and when? A review of personal and situational factors. Journal of Enviornmental Psychology, 15, 2, 105-121.
Reviews 80 studies, published 1969-1995, to examine recyling behaviors as differentiated from attitudes and intentions. The effects on recycling behavior of both personal variabl…

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