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Using Television Modeling to Reduce Energy Consumption in Roanoke,Virginia

Cases
Winett, R. A., Leckliter, I. N., Chinn, D. E., Stahl, B., & Love, S. Q. (1985). Effects of television modeling on residential energy conservation. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18, 1, 33-44.
Overall, the three media conditions reduced energy consumption by 10%. Furthermore, 75% of households in both the letter/phone call and letter/phone call/home visit used some of …

Using Information and Prompts to Increase Awareness of an Environmental Product Tagging Program in Grocery Stores

Cases
Linn, N., Vining, J., & Feeley, P. A. (1994). Toward a sustainable society: Waste minimization through environmentally conscious consuming. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24, 17, 1550-1572.
The educational pamphlets alone did not increase awareness of the environmental program. On the other hand, 44% reported seeing the sign prompts, 34% saw signs about the product …

The Effects of Sign Prompts and Large Receptacles on Highway Littering in Richmond, Virginia

Cases
Finnie, W. C. (1973). Field experiments in litter control. Environment and Behavior, 5, 2, 123-144.
Overall, litter was reduced by 28.6% when trash cans were present. No statistical differences were found between the highway with sign prompts and the highway without.

The Effect of Sign Prompts and Modeling on Encouraging Dog Owners to Pick-up Dog Droppings in Chicago, Illinois

Cases
Jason, L. A., Zolik, E. S., & Matese, F. J. (1979). Prompting dog owners to pick up dog droppings. American Journal of Community Psychology, 7, 3, 339-351.
Only 5% of dog owners picked up after their pets during baseline observations. Sign prompts alone were not effective in encouraging pick up behavior as only 6% of dog owners obey…

The Effects of an Ambiguous, Negative Sign Prompts and a Clearly-Stated Positive Sign Prompt on Intentions to Litter

Cases
Horsley, A. D. (1988). The unintended effects of a posted sign on littering attitudes and stated intentions. Journal of Environmental Education, 19, 3, 10-14.
Thirty percent of participants responded that the "Please save our landscapes: don't litter" prompt would make them think about the litter problem. Furthermore, 20% indicated tha…

Using a Normative Appeal to Control Litter at a Public Swimming Pool

Cases
Reich, J. W., & Robertson, J. L. (1979). Reactance and norm appeal in anti-littering messages. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 9, 1, 91-101.
The flyer containing the extreme message elicited the highest frequency of littering of the three handbills. The "Don't Litter" flyer was littered 50% of the time. In comparison…

Using a Colourful, Specially Designed Waste Receptacle to Reduce Litter in Downtown St. Louis, Missouri

Cases
Finnie, W. C. (1973). Field experiments in litter control. Environment and Behavior, 5, 2, 123-144.
As compared to the no trash can condition, there was a 3.15% reduction in litter when standard gallons were on city blocks. Moreover, littering was reduced by 14.7% when the wast…

The Use of Prompts in Increasing Recycling in Academic University Departments

Cases
Austin, J., Hatfield, D. B., Grindle, A. C., & Bailey, J. S. (1993). Increasing recycling in office environments: The effects of specific, informative cues. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 26, 2, 247-253.
In the first department, recycling behavior improved by 54% as compared to the baseline. In the second department, recycling by 17% when the sign prompts were four metres away an…

Reducing Residential Water Consumption with Feedback in Melbourne, Australia

Cases
Aitken, C. K., McMahon, T. A., Wearing, A. J. & Finlayson, B. L. (1994). Residential water use: Predicting and reducing consumption. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24, 2, 136-158.
Although households who already exhibit low water use did not reduce consumption substantially, feedback and dissonance did have a positive effect on high consumption households. …

The Use of Prompts in Reducing Electricity Consumption in University Classrooms

Cases
Luyben, P. D. (1980). Effects of informational prompts on energy conservation in college classrooms. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13, 4, 611-617.
When faculty were sent a letter, there was an increase in the number of times the lights were turned off by 13% as compared to baseline data. When a sign prompt was posted in cla…

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