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The Unintended Effects of a Posted Sign on Littering Attitudes and Stated Intentions

Horsley, A. D. (1988). The unintended effects of a posted sign on littering attitudes and stated intentions. Journal of Environmental Education, 19, 3, 10-14.
The effects of an anti-littering sign that read "We treat litterbugs like all insects" were compared with those for a sign that read "Please save our landscape; don't litter." Ss …

The Commons Dilemma as Metaphor: Memory, Influence, and Implications for Environmental Conservation

Mio, J. S., Thompson, S. C., & Givens, G. H. (1993). The commons dilemma as metaphor: Memory, influence, and implications for environmental conservation. Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 8, 1, 23-42.
Research on the commons dilemma has enjoyed much vigorous interest in the social psychological literature since Hardin's (1968) discussion of the dilemma as it relates to environm…

Appeals to Justice in the Environmental Debate

Clayton, S. (1994). Appeals to justice in the environmental debate. Journal of Social Issues, 50, 3, 13-27.
Arguments over issues with environmental implications are increasingly salient in the public arena, and appeals to justice are made by both those who favor and those who oppose en…

The Effects of Message Framing on Response to Environmental Communications

Davis, J. J. (1995). The effects of message framing on response to environmental communications. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 72, 2, 285-299.
Explores how the framing of environmental communication influences attitudes & environmentally responsible behaviors, eg, recycling. In an experiment involving 112 undergraduates …

Reducing Household Energy Consumption: A Qualitative and Quantitative Field Study

Brandon, G. & Lewis, A. (1999). Reducing household energy consumption: A qualitative and quantitative field study. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 1, 75-85.
Investigated the effect of feedback conditions, income constraints, behavioural/structural aspects, environmental attitudes, and socio-demographics on energy consumption for 120 h…

Designing Effective Instructional Signs with Schema Theory: Case Studies of Polystyrene Recycling

Werner, C. M., Rhodes, M.U. & Partain, K. K. (1998). Designing effective instructional signs with schema theory: Case studies of polystyrene recycling. Environment and Behavior, 30, 5, 709-735.
Two studies supported the hypothesis that signs designed to create a new polystyrene schema would be more effective than signs that did not address patrons' existing schemata. Sch…

Framing and Reframing in Land Use Change Conflicts

Kaufman, S. & Smith, J. (1999). Framing and reframing in land use change conflicts. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 16, 2, 164-180.
Proposed changes to community land use frequently give rise to protracted disputes. Cognitive psychology, communication, and decision-making research suggests that frames, which f…

Motivating Recycling Behavior: A Quasiexperimental Investigation of Message and Source Strategies

Lord, K. R. (1994). Motivating recycling behavior: A quasiexperimental investigation of message and source strategies. Special Issue: Psychology, marketing, and recycling. Psychology and Marketing, 11, 4, 341-358.
Using a quasiexperimental design, direct behavioral observations and attitudinal and other survey data were drawn from 140 households to test hypotheses related to the efficacy of…

Green Movement in a Newly Industrializing Area: A Survey on the Attitudes and Behaviour of the Hong Kong Citizens

Chan, R. & Yam, E. (1995). Green movement in a newly industrializing area: A survey on the attitudes and behaviour of the Hong Kong citizens. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 5, 4, 273-284.
Tested the relationship between environmental attitudes and behavior of the citizens of Hong Kong using a revised version of M. P. Maloney & M. P. Ward's ecological scale. Variabl…

Self-Perception Based Strategies for Stimulating Energy Conservation

Allen, C. T. (1982). Self-perception based strategies for stimulating energy conservation. Journal of Consumer Research, 8, 4, 381-390.
Examined the utility of self-perception based influence techniques for stimulating socially conscious consumption by testing one such technique--an attribution/labeling message. S…

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