CBSM Recommends

Casual Carpooling in DC

Cases
The following case study explores the slugging phenomenon – a form of casual carpooling that developed organically in the DC area during the 1970s in response to the creation of H…
CBSM Recommends

City of Austin’s Leave Time Travel Incentive

Cases
In an effort to encourage City of Austin employees to take voluntary actions to reduce their drive-alone trips to and from work, the City established a Smart Commute Rewards progr…
CBSM Recommends

Brisbane’s Active Schools Travel Program

Cases
Brisbane City Council’s Active School Travel (AST) Program aimed to change the travel behavior of Brisbane primary school students, parents, and school communities by encouraging …
CBSM Recommends

Opting Out in Germany for Non-Renewable Energy

Cases
The following case explores what happened when three communities in Germany elected to have citizens opt-out for non-renewable energy supplies. In each community, the default ener…

The Check, Clean, Dry Campaign

Cases
New Zealand is an island nation that lies deep in the South Pacific. It consists of two main islands – the North Island and the South Island – separated by a 29km wide waterway, t…

Recycling at Festivals and Public Events

Cases
The international environmental agency for local governments (ICLEI) have a mission to build and serve a worldwide movement of local governments to achieve tangible improvements i…

Using Proximity of Trash Cans and Ash Trays to Increase Convenience of Separating Litter in a Blacksburg, Virginia Shopping Mall

Cases
Geller, E. S., Brasted, W. S. & Mann, M. F. (1979). Waste receptacle designs as interventions for litter control. Journal of Environmental Systems, 9, 2, 145-160.
A literature review revealed different interventions used in reducing the amount of litter at a Virginia shopping mall. A pilot program was then designed to investigate the effect…

Improving Participation in a Newspaper Recycling Program in Apartment Complexes Using Prompts

Cases
Reid, D. H., Luyben, P. D., Rawers, R. J. & Bailey, J. S. (1976). Newspaper recycling behavior: the effects of prompting and proximity of containers. Environment and Behavior, 8, 471-481.
A literature review revealed that prompts are an effective method to improve participation in recycling programs. Furthermore, recycling increases when containers are in close pro…

The Effects of Sign Prompts and Large Receptacles on Highway Littering in Richmond, Virginia

Cases
Finnie, W. C. (1973). Field experiments in litter control. Environment and Behavior, 5, 2, 123-144.
After conducting a literature review, sign prompts and waster receptacles were employed in a pilot program for highway litter control. There were three conditions in the pilot pro…
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