Reducing Electricity and Natural Gas Consumption Using Feedback and Incentives in Voorschoten, Netherlands, ,

Midden, C. J., Meter, J. E., Weenig, M. H., & Zieverink, H. J. (1983). Using feedback, reinforcement and information to reduce energy consumption in
After conducting a literature review, a pilot program was designed to reduce energy consumption in apartment complexes. Ninety-one households were divided into 4 conditions. All g…

Reduction of Residential Consumption of Electricity Through Simple Monthly Feedback

Hayes, Steven C., Cone, John D., Reduction of residential consumption of electricity through simple monthly feedback. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1981, 14, 81-88.
Researchers used feedback to reduce and control electricity consumption by implementing an economically feasible program of monthly feedback. Participants in the feedback group we…

Energy Savings Attributable to Switching from Master Metering to Individual Metering of Electricity

Nelson, S. H. (1981). Energy savings attributable to switching from master metering to individual metering of electricity. Argonne National Laboratory, Energy and Environmental Systems Division.

Reducing Household Energy Consumption: A Qualitative and Quantitative Field Study

Brandon, G. & Lewis, A. (1999). Reducing household energy consumption: A qualitative and quantitative field study. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 1, 75-85.
Investigated the effect of feedback conditions, income constraints, behavioural/structural aspects, environmental attitudes, and socio-demographics on energy consumption for 120 h…

Effects of Monetary Rebates, Feedback, and Information on Residential Electricity Conservation

Winett, R. A., Kagel, J. H., Battalio, R. C. & Winkler, R. C. Effects of monetary rebates, feedback, and information on residential electricity conservation. Vol. 63. 1978. 73-80.
Assigned 129 participant households in Texas during the summer to 1 of 5 experimental conditions: A high monetary rebate condition in which Ss received conservation information, w…

An Experimental Analysis of Electricity Conservation Procedures

Palmer, M. H., Lloyd, M. E. & Lloyd, K. E. (1977). An experimental analysis of electricity conservation procedures. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10, 4, 665-671.
Recorded the daily electricity consumption of 4 suburban families for 106 days. A reversal design, consisting of various experimental conditions interspersed between repeated base…

Reducing Air Conditioning Waste by Signalling it Is Cool Outside

Becker, L. J. & Seligman, C. (1978). Reducing air conditioning waste by signalling it is cool outside. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 4, 3, 412-415.
Examined the effects on residential energy consumption of providing homeowners with (1) a signaling device that indicated a conservation opportunity and (2) information feedback a…

Joint Effect of Feedback and Goal Setting on Performance: A Field Study of Residential Energy Conservation

Becker, L. J. (1978). Joint effect of feedback and goal setting on performance: A field study of residential energy conservation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63, 4, 428-433.
The facilitating motivational effect of feedback on performance has been attributed by some to difficult goals set in response to feedback. The present experiment attributes this …

Drop and Tilt: A Comparison of Two Procedures to Increase the Use of Venetian Blinds to Conserve Energy

Luyben, P. D. (1984). Drop and tilt: A comparison of two procedures to increase the use of venetian blinds to conserve energy. Journal of Community Psychology, 12, 2, 149-154.
Dropping and tilting venetian blinds appropriately can reduce unnecessary heat loss through window glass. Previous research has shown that both feedback and payments can effective…

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