An Evaluation of Three Litter Control Procedures - Trash Receptacles, Paid Workers, and the Marked Item Technique

Bacon-Prue, A., Blount, R., Pickering, D., & Drabman, R. S. (1980). An evaluation of three litter control procedures - trash receptacles, paid workers, and the marked item technique. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13, 1, 165-170.
Assessed the effectiveness of 3 litter (L) control procedures on the grounds of a residential facility for the mentally retarded. 57 areas were divided into 5 groups according to …

Marine Debris Movie for use in Education Program

Fiona Galloway Broome February 17, 2009 04:34 PM
Hi Can anyone help me locate some good marine debris video paterial for use with school children in our upcoming marine education program (first session = marine debris). We wi…

Cigarette Butt Costume (or similar!)

Fiona Galloway Broome March 18, 2009 01:07 AM
Hello I am currently working on developing our annual marine and coastal holiday programs here in Broome, WA. The focus this year (and for the in-school programs also) is marine…

Focus Groups or Other Studies Regarding Cigarette Butt Litter

Kathy Hoppe Presque Isle March 23, 2009 04:12 PM
One of our regulated stormwater comunities has decided to tackle cigarette butt litter but they have no social marketing research data such as focus groups, phone surveys or anyth…

Choosing to Encourage or Discourage: Perceived Effectiveness of Prescriptive versus Proscriptive Messages

Winter, P.L., Sagarin, B.J., Rhoads, K., Barrett, D.W., Cialdini, R.B. (2000). Choosing to encourage or discourage: Perceived effectiveness of prescriptive and proscriptive messages. Environmental Management, 2(6): 588-594.
The estimated cost of repairing damage caused to recreational sites annually is in the hundreds of millions of dollars. These depreciative activities also reduce the quality of vi…

Effectiveness of Standard Signs vs. Customs Signs

K.C. Strang San Diego December 09, 2009 04:38 PM
I'm looking for some research which studied whether the use of a standard sign or custom sign is more effective. The signs would be created by a public agency and posted at publi…

CBSM to Address Graffiti

Russell Wolfe Sydney March 04, 2010 12:48 AM
Warringah Council in Sydney, Australia is considering using a CBSM approach to address the problems we have with graffiti. I'm interested to learn if anyone has any experience of …

Litter Prevention Campaign

Darren Joseph Langley July 22, 2010 11:31 AM
I have been asked to research and prepare a litter reduction program for the Township and was hoping that someone could provide me with some information regarding what you are doi…

The Bystander Effect and Social Control Behavior: The Effect of the Presence of Others on Peoples Reactions to Norm Violations

Chekroun, P., & Brauer, M. (2002). The bystander effect and social control behavior: The effect of the presence of others on people's reactions to norm violations. European Journal of Social Psychology, 32(6), 853-866. doi:10.1002/ejsp.126.
Three field studies were conducted to explore the influence of the number of bystander-observers on the likelihood of social control. We predicted that the presence of others woul…

Persuasive Trash Cans: Activation of Littering Norms by Design

de Kort, Y., McCalley, L., & Midden, C. (2008). Persuasive trash cans: Activation of littering norms by design. Environment and Behavior, 40(6), 870-891. doi:10.1177/0013916507311035.
Two studies tested littering norm activation by trash can design. The first was a scenario study using a 4 (norm type: social injunctive vs. social descriptive vs. personal vs. co…

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