Cognitive Consequences of Legislating Postpurchase Behavior: Growing up with the Bottle Bill

Kahle, L. R., & Beatty, S. E. Cognitive consequences of legislating postpurchase behavior: Growing up with the bottle bill. Vol. 17. 1987. 828-843.
Examined the variables of (1) attitudes toward returning bottles, (2) intentions, (3) behaviors, (4) subjective norms, and (5) habits as they function within the cognitive context…

Responding to Environmental Concerns: What Factors Guide Individual Action?

Axelrod, L. J. & Lehman, D. R. (1993). Responding to environmental concerns: What factors guide individual action? . Journal of Environmental Psychology, 13, 2, 149-159.
Examined the motivational role played by 3 classes of outcomes (tangible rewards, social acceptance, and acting in accordance with one's principles) in predicting environmentally …

Who Recycles and When? A Review of Personal and Situational Factors

Schultz, P. W., Oskamp, S., & Mainieri, T. (1995). Who recycles and when? A review of personal and situational factors. Journal of Enviornmental Psychology, 15, 2, 105-121.
Reviews 80 studies, published 1969-1995, to examine recyling behaviors as differentiated from attitudes and intentions. The effects on recycling behavior of both personal variabl…

Determinants of Recycling Behavior: A Synthesis of Research Results

Hornik, J., Cherian, J., Madansky, M., & Narayana, C. (1995). Determinants of recycling behavior: A synthesis of research results. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 24, 1, 105-127.
Variables affecting consumer recycling behavior are classified into four theoretical groups: intrinsic & extrinsic incentives, & internal & external facilitators. These clusters o…

Litter Reduction: A Review and Integration of the Literature. Special Issue: Litter Control and Recycling

Huffman, K. T., Grossnickle, W. F., Cope, J. G., & Huffman, K. P. (1995). Litter reduction: A review and integration of the literature. Special Issue: Litter control and recycling. Environment and Behavior, 27, 2, 153-183.
Examined 40 articles and 59 studies that employed either an antecedent strategy (ATS) or consequence strategy (CQS) to integrate behavioral and social changes in communities and i…

Changing Behavior and Making it Stick: The Conceptualization and Management of Conservation Behavior

De Young, R. (1993). Changing behavior and making it stick: The conceptualization and management of conservation behavior. Environment and Behavior, 25, 4, 485-505.
Discusses categorization of conservation behavior change techniques (BCTs), the role techniques offer the individual whose behavior is being changed, and a means of evaluating the…

Personal and Contextual Influences on Household Energy Adaptations

Black, J. S., Stern, P. C. & Elworth, J. T. (1985). Personal and contextual influences on household energy adaptations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 70, 1, 3-21.
Examined the interactive effects of economic, demographic, structural, and psychological variables on 4 behaviorally distinct types of reported conservation response involving ene…

Successfully Changing Individual Travel Behavior: Applying Community-Based Social Marketing to Travel Choice

Cooper, C. (2007). Successfully changing individual travel behavior: Applying community-based social marketing to travel choice. Transportation Research Record, (2021), pp. 88-99.
This paper demonstrates that community-based social marketing techniques can be successfully used to affect people's transportation awareness and behavior, as deployed in Washingt…

Using Community-Based Social Marketing Techniques to Enhance Environmental Regulation

Kennedy, A. (2010). Using Community-Based Social Marketing Techniques to Enhance Environmental Regulation. Sustainability, 2(4), 1138-1160
This article explores how environmental regulation may be improved through the use of community-based social marketing techniques. While regulation is an important tool of sustain…

The Price of a Price: On the Crowding Out and In of Social Norms

Janssen, M., & Mendys-Kamphorst, E. (2004). The price of a price: On the crowding out and in of social norms. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 55(3), 377-395. doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2002.11.004.
We study the impact of financial incentives on social approval, showing that in a society with altruists and egoists, who all care about social approval, introducing financial inc…
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