The Use of Prompts in Increasing Recycling in Academic University Departments

Cases
Austin, J., Hatfield, D. B., Grindle, A. C., & Bailey, J. S. (1993). Increasing recycling in office environments: The effects of specific, informative cues. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 26, 2, 247-253.
In order to increase participation in a university recycling program, a literature review was conducted to uncover effective behavior change tools. Then, prompts were incorporated…

Improving Participation in a Newspaper Recycling Program in Apartment Complexes Using Prompts

Cases
Reid, D. H., Luyben, P. D., Rawers, R. J. & Bailey, J. S. (1976). Newspaper recycling behavior: the effects of prompting and proximity of containers. Environment and Behavior, 8, 471-481.
A literature review revealed that prompts are an effective method to improve participation in recycling programs. Furthermore, recycling increases when containers are in close pro…

Using Verbal and Visual Prompts to Reduce Litter in High Schools in Perth, Australia

Cases
Houghton, S. (1993). Using verbal and visual prompts to control littering in high schools. Educational Studies, 19, 3, 247-254.
A literature review revealed that prompts were an effective tool in controlling litter. Therefore, verbal and visual prompts were incorporated into a pilot program designed to cur…

Reducing Residential Water Consumption with Feedback in Melbourne, Australia

Cases
Aitken, C. K., McMahon, T. A., Wearing, A. J. & Finlayson, B. L. (1994). Residential water use: Predicting and reducing consumption. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24, 2, 136-158.
Since residential water use is quite high in Melbourne, Australia, a pilot program was designed to lower consumption. First, a literature review was conducted to identify behavior…

The Use of Prompts in Reducing Electricity Consumption in University Classrooms

Cases
Luyben, P. D. (1980). Effects of informational prompts on energy conservation in college classrooms. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13, 4, 611-617.
In order to reduce the occurrence of lights being left on in unused classrooms, a pilot program was initiated. Since a literature review revealed prompts to be effective in energy…

The Implementation of Set-Back Thermostats and Social Diffusion in Twin Rivers, New Jersey

Cases
Darley, J. M., & Beniger, J. R. (1981). Diffusion of energy-conserving innovations. Journal of Social Issues, 37, 2, 150-171.
After conducting a literature review, a time -controlled set-back thermostat was used as an innovation to reduce energy consumption. Residents in a three-block area in Twin Rivers…

Factors Necessary for the Social Diffusion of Social Energy in New England

Cases
Sawyer, S.W. (1982). Leaders in change: Solar energy owners and the implications for future adoption rates. Technological Forecasting and Social Change,21, 201-211.

Using Prompts to Decrease the Amount of Lawn-Walking on a University Campus

Cases
Smith, J.M. (1992). Several antecedent strategies in reduction of an environmentally destructive behavior. Psychological Reports, 70, 241-242., ,
A literature review revealed that prompts could be an effective tool in decreasing the destruction of grass. Therefore, sign prompts were placed at four locations on a university …

Children: A Critical Link for Changing Driving Behavior

Cases
Way To Go! School Program: www.waytogo.icbc.bc.ca, York: ttp://www.sustreport.org/news/driving_behaviour.html
Car emissions have a large impact on children's health. Current public strategies for reducing health impacts have encouraged people to drive fuel-efficient cars, reduce the amoun…

Encouraging Environmentally Friendly Shopping using Prompts, Commitment and Norms

Cases
Customers at a Zehr's supermarket in Kitchener, Ontario were encouraged to purchase environmentally friendly products. 168 products were identified that either had least-waste pac…

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