Pollution Reduction Preferences of U.S. Environmental Managers: Applying Ajzens Theory of Planned Behavior

Articles
Cordano, M., & Frieze, I. (2000). Pollution reduction preferences of U.S. environmental managers: Applying Ajzen's theory of planned behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 43(4), 627-641. doi:10.2307/1556358.
Modified I. Ajzen's theory of planned behavior to analyze the behavioral preferences of 295 environmental managers. Ss were surveyed and structural equation analysis was used to l…

Persuasive Trash Cans: Activation of Littering Norms by Design

Articles
de Kort, Y., McCalley, L., & Midden, C. (2008). Persuasive trash cans: Activation of littering norms by design. Environment and Behavior, 40(6), 870-891. doi:10.1177/0013916507311035.
Two studies tested littering norm activation by trash can design. The first was a scenario study using a 4 (norm type: social injunctive vs. social descriptive vs. personal vs. co…

Altruistic, Egoistic, and Normative Effects on Curbside Recycling

Articles
Ewing, G. (2001). Altruistic, egoistic, and normative effects on curbside recycling. Environment and Behavior, 33(6), 733-764. doi:10.1177/00139160121973223.
Notes that how altruistic, normative, and egoistic factors affect households' participation in curbside recycling has been shown to depend on how participation is measured. A stud…

The Cognitive and Emotional Components of Behavior Norms in Outdoor Recreation

Articles
Heywood, J. (2002). The cognitive and emotional components of behavior norms in outdoor recreation. Leisure Sciences, 24(3-4), 271-281. doi:10.1080/01490400290050727.
Behavioral norms consist of 2 components: a cognitive component of obligation that is the memory repository of social standards, and an emotional component of sanctions that are t…

Social Norms in Outdoor Recreation: Searching for the Behavior-Condition Link

Articles
Heywood, J., & Murdock, W. (2002). Social norms in outdoor recreation: Searching for the behavior-condition link. Leisure Sciences, 24(3-4), 283-295. doi:10.1080/01490400290050745.
Social norms for encounters and setting conditions have been an important area of outdoor recreation research for the past 30 yrs. An important research assumption, based on J. Ja…

Understanding Air Force Members' Intentions to Participate in Pro-environmental Behaviors: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior

Articles
Laudenslager, M., Holt, D., & Lofgren, S. (2004). Understanding air force members' intentions to participate in pro-environmental behaviors: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 98(3,Pt2), 1162-1170. doi:10.2466/PMS.98.4.1162-1170.
At a single installation, a cross section of 307 active duty Air Force members completed questionnaires to assess whether the theory of planned behavior was useful in explaining t…

Recycling: Planned and Self-expressive Behaviour

Articles
Mannetti, L., Pierro, A., & Livi, S. (2004). Recycling: Planned and self-expressive behaviour. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24(2), 227-236. doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2004.01.002.
Motivations to recycle have been extensively studied adopting an attitude approach and, in particular, the theory of planned behaviour frame (TPB Ajzen, 1998, 1991). However, seve…

Willingness to Accept Climate Change Strategies: The Effect of Values and Norms

Articles
Nilsson, A., von Borgstede, C., & Biel, A. (2004). Willingness to accept climate change strategies: The effect of values and norms. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24(3), 267-277.
The present study examined how values, organizational goals and norms influence willingness to accept climate change policy measures within organizations. Respondents were 356 dec…

The Impact of Public Policy on Social and Moral Norms: Some Examples

Articles
Nyborg, K. (2003) The impact of public policy on social and moral norms: some examples. Journal of Consumer Policy, 26(3), 259-268.
Social and moral norms may be required for a sustainable development of private consumption patterns. But how can public policy influence norm-motivated consumer behaviour? Based …

The Dual-Process of Reactive and Intentional Decision-Making Involved in Eco-Friendly Behavior

Articles
Ohtomo, S., & Hirose, Y. (2007). The dual-process of reactive and intentional decision-making involved in eco-friendly behavior. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27(2), 117-125. doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2007.01.005.
We extended the prototype model Gibbons and Gerrard to examine the disparity between professed environmental concerns and behavior. Our model assumed that there are two decision p…

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