Application and Evaluation of Strategies to Reduce Pollution: Behavioral Control of Littering in a Football Stadium

Baltes, M. M. & Hayward, S. C. (1976). Application and evaluation of strategies to reduce pollution: Behavioral control of littering in a football stadium. Journal of Applied Psychology, 61, 4, 501-506.
Attempted to modify adult littering behavior in a naturalistic setting: the football stadium. Four different treatment strategies were used: (a) an operant contingency in the form…

The Effects of Environmental Attitudes on Apparel Purchasing Behavior

Butler, S. M. & Francis, S. (1997). The effects of environmental attitudes on apparel purchasing behavior. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, 15, 2, 76-85.
Employed a theoretical framework that focuses on endogenous and exogenous conditions that affect attitudes and behavior. The final sample of 402 women resulted from a national ran…

Cost and Effectiveness of Litter Removal Procedures in an Amusement Park

Casey, L. & Lloyd, M. (1977). Cost and effectiveness of litter removal procedures in an amusement park. Environment and Behavior, 9, 4, 535-546.
Evaluated a reinforcement procedure designed to facilitate litter removal in an amusement park. A constantly changing population of vacationing children of varying ages was offere…

A Student-Based Anti-Litter Program for Elementary Schools

Gendrich, J. G (1982). A student-based anti-litter program for elementary schools. Education and Treatment of Children, 5, 4, 321-335.
Assessed the effectiveness of an anti-litter program, consisting of daily feedback to students, diagrams of yard areas that met criterion, and weekly movies as rewards, that was i…

Field and Laboratory Studies of Littering

Krauss, R. M. & Freedman, J. L. & Whitcup, M. (1978). Field and laboratory studies of littering. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 14, 1, 109-122.
Reports 2 field and 2 laboratory experiments on littering behavior. In Exp I, observations of 1,765 Ss at 9 locations in the New York City area showed that littering rates varied …

Environmental Interventions for Litter Control

Geller, E. S., Witmer, J. F. & Tuso, M. A. (1977). Environmental interventions for litter control.. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62, 3, 344-351.
In 2 experiments, customers entering a grocery store were given a handbill listing specially priced items, and later the disposal locations of handbills left in the store were rec…

Attitudes toward Managing Hazardous Waste: What Should be Cleaned Up and Who Should Pay for it?

Baron, J., Gowda, R. & Kunreuther, H. (1993). Attitudes toward managing hazardous waste: What should be cleaned up and who should pay for it?. Risk Analysis, 13, 2, 183-192.
Assessed attitudes toward the hazardous waste policy in the US of 60 chief executive officers of oil and chemical companies, 57 economists, 94 environmentalists, 29 experts on haz…

Human Disposition toward Hazards: Testing the Environmental Appraisal Inventory

Fridgen, C. (1994). Human disposition toward hazards: Testing the Environmental Appraisal Inventory. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 14, 2, 101-111.
Expands work by F. N. Schmidt and R. Gifford on the Environmental Appraisal Inventory (EAI) by testing it on a larger population, adding 4 human-generated environmental threats (E…

Assessing Environmentally Responsible Behaviour

Caltabiano, N. J. & Caltabiano, M. L. (1995). Assessing environmentally responsible behaviour. Psychological Reports, 76, 3, pt 2, 1080-1082.
Examined the environmentally responsible behavior practiced by 247 university students. Analysis showed that responsible behavior has 3 dimensions: Reusing/Recycling, Conserving, …

Pro-Environmental Habits: Propensity Levels in Behavioral Change

Dahlstrand, U. & Biel, A. (1997). Pro-environmental habits: Propensity levels in behavioral change. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27, 7, 588-601.
Examined relationships between habits, beliefs about products, choice criteria for purchasing, and perceptions of such factors, applied to the area of buying home detergents and w…

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