The Effects of Sign Prompts and Large Receptacles on Highway Littering in Richmond, Virginia

Cases
Finnie, W. C. (1973). Field experiments in litter control. Environment and Behavior, 5, 2, 123-144.
After conducting a literature review, sign prompts and waster receptacles were employed in a pilot program for highway litter control. There were three conditions in the pilot pro…

Recycling at Festivals and Public Events

Cases
The international environmental agency for local governments (ICLEI) have a mission to build and serve a worldwide movement of local governments to achieve tangible improvements i…

Using Proximity of Trash Cans and Ash Trays to Increase Convenience of Separating Litter in a Blacksburg, Virginia Shopping Mall

Cases
Geller, E. S., Brasted, W. S. & Mann, M. F. (1979). Waste receptacle designs as interventions for litter control. Journal of Environmental Systems, 9, 2, 145-160.
A literature review revealed different interventions used in reducing the amount of litter at a Virginia shopping mall. A pilot program was then designed to investigate the effect…

Improving Participation in a Newspaper Recycling Program in Apartment Complexes Using Prompts

Cases
Reid, D. H., Luyben, P. D., Rawers, R. J. & Bailey, J. S. (1976). Newspaper recycling behavior: the effects of prompting and proximity of containers. Environment and Behavior, 8, 471-481.
A literature review revealed that prompts are an effective method to improve participation in recycling programs. Furthermore, recycling increases when containers are in close pro…

Commingled versus Separated Curbside Recycling: Does Sorting Matter? American Psychological Association Meeting (1994, Los Angeles, California, US)

Articles
Oskamp, S., Zelezny, L., Schultz, P. W., Hurin, S., et al. Commingled versus separated curbside recycling: Does sorting matter? American Psychological Association Meeting (1994, Los Angeles, California, US). Vol. 28. 1996. 73-91.
Observed household curbside recycling behavior in 2,213 households in similar cities. In one, all recyclables were mixed together, and in the other, 4 types of materials were sepa…

A Diagnostic Approach to Increase Reusable Dinnerware Selection in a Cafeteria

Articles
Manuel, Jennifer C.; Sunseri, Mary Anne; Olson, Ryan; Scolari, Miranda (2007 ). A Diagnostic Approach to Increase Reusable Dinnerware Selection in a Cafeteria. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 40, 301-310.
The current project tested a diagnostic approach to selecting interventions to increase patron selection of reusable dinnerware in a cafeteria. An assessment survey, completed by …

Clinical Validation and Cognitive Elaboration: Signs That Encourage Sustained Recycling

Articles
Werner, Carol M.; Stoll, Robert; Birch, Paul; White, Paul H. (2002). Clinical Validation and Cognitive Elaboration: Signs That Encourage Sustained Recycling. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 24, 3, 185 – 203.
Three field experiments coupled the clinical psychology concept of validation with Elaboration Likelihood Model-Heuristic-Systematic Model theorizing to increase the influence of …

An Investigation of Strategies, Incentives, and Operational Characteristics of Recycling Programs

Articles
Kim, S. M. (1995). An investigation of strategies, incentives, and operational characteristics of recycling programs. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 56, 4-B,
How can municipalities maximize and sustain citizen participation in solid waste recycling programs? Based on survey responses from 71 recycling coordinators, this research provid…

The Demographics of Recycling and the Structure of Environmental Behavior

Articles
Berger, I. E. (1997). The demographics of recycling and the structure of environmental behavior. Environment and Behavior, 29, 4, 515-531.
The influence of socioeconomic and demographic variables on environmentally responsible behaviors is examined. Analysis of questionnaire data compiled by Statistics Canada from 43…

Behavioral Strategies to Reduce Cigarette Litter

Articles
Cope, J. G., Huffman, K. T., Allred, L. J. & Grossnickle, W. F. (1993). Behavioral strategies to reduce cigarette litter. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 8, 4, 607-619.
Determined in 2 experiments whether an increased number of ashtrays available in a particular location would reduce ground accumulations of cigarette litter and whether decorated …

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