The Effect of Sign Prompts and Modeling on Encouraging Dog Owners to Pick-up Dog Droppings in Chicago, Illinois

Cases
Jason, L. A., Zolik, E. S., & Matese, F. J. (1979). Prompting dog owners to pick up dog droppings. American Journal of Community Psychology, 7, 3, 339-351.
Only 5% of dog owners picked up after their pets during baseline observations. Sign prompts alone were not effective in encouraging pick up behavior as only 6% of dog owners obey…

The Effects of an Ambiguous, Negative Sign Prompt and a Clearly-Stated Positive Sign Prompt on Intentions to Litter

Cases
Horsley, A. D. (1988). The unintended effects of a posted sign on littering attitudes and stated intentions. Journal of Environmental Education, 19, 3, 10-14.
Thirty percent of participants responded that the "Please save our landscapes: don't litter" prompt would make them think about the litter problem. Furthermore, 20% indicated tha…

Increasing Participation in Curbside Paper Recycling Using Verbal Prompts in Chicago

Cases
Spaccarelli, S., Zolik, E. & Jason, L. A. (1989-1990). Effects of verbal prompting and block characteristics on participation in curbside newspaper recycling. Journal of Environmental Systems, 19, 1, 45-57.
The information only group had only 2.4% of participants recycle at least once during the 21 weeks following the intervention. In contrast, 30% of the information and verbal prom…

Using Block Leaders and Prompts to Improve Participation in Curbside Recycling in Denver Colorado

Cases
Although all interventions improved particiaptions, it is clearly the block leaders who had the most significant impact on behavior. Fully one third of residents were recycling by…

Washington State Promotes the Purchase of Recycled Content Products With Prompts in the "Get in the Loop, Buy Recycled" Program

Cases
King County commission for Marketing Recyclable Materials & Atwood, A. M. (1994). Consumer research survey: Knowledge, attitudes, and purchase of recycled-content products. King County Commission for Marketing Recyclable Materials.
During the 1994-1995 program year, "Get in the L, Buy Recycled" has a budget of US$ 275,000. Funding for the campaign came from the State of Washington, participating recycled pr…

Using a Uniquely Designed Waste Recepticle as a Prompt to Control Litter in a Shopping Mall in Blacksburg, Virginia

Cases
Geller, E. S., Brasted, W. S. & Mann, M. F. (1979). Waste receptacle designs as interventions for litter control. Journal of Environmental Systems, 9, 2, 145-160.
Overall, the weekly average weight of the refuse in regular cans was 9.34 lbs. To compare, the average weight of trash in the bird cans was 15.05 lbs. Moreover, the bird cans ha…

Improving Participation in a Newspaper Recycling Program in Apartment Complexes Using Prompts

Cases
Reid, D. H., Luyben, P. D., Rawers, R. J. & Bailey, J. S. (1976). Newspaper recycling behavior: the effects of prompting and proximity of containers. Environment and Behavior, 8, 471-481.
There was an increase of over 50% in the weight of recycled paper following the implementation of prompts and proximity.

Using Verbal and Visual Prompts to Reduce Litter in High Schools in Perth, Australia

Cases
Houghton, S. (1993). Using verbal and visual prompts to control littering in high schools. Educational Studies, 19, 3, 247-254.
Verbal and visual prompts were most effective when used in combination. On average, the number of littered items was reduced to 2.5 in the cafeteria compared to 7.3 items before …

Encouraging Environmentally Friendly Shopping using Prompts, Commitment and Norms

Cases
Analysis of electronic inventories indicated that the prompts did not increase the purchase of targeted items. That is, items that were identified with shelf-talkers (prompts) as…

Using Information and Prompts to Increase Awareness of an Environmental Product Tagging Program in Grocery Stores

Cases
Linn, N., Vining, J., & Feeley, P. A. (1994). Toward a sustainable society: Waste minimization through environmentally conscious consuming. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24, 17, 1550-1572.
The educational pamphlets alone did not increase awareness of the environmental program. On the other hand, 44% reported seeing the sign prompts, 34% saw signs about the product …

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