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Litter Reduction: A Review and Integration of the Literature. Special Issue: Litter Control and Recycling

Huffman, K. T., Grossnickle, W. F., Cope, J. G., & Huffman, K. P. (1995). Litter reduction: A review and integration of the literature. Special Issue: Litter control and recycling. Environment and Behavior, 27, 2, 153-183.
Examined 40 articles and 59 studies that employed either an antecedent strategy (ATS) or consequence strategy (CQS) to integrate behavioral and social changes in communities and i…

Behavioral Interventions in Resource Conservation: A System Approach Based on Behavioral Economics

Winkler, R. C., & Winett, R. A. (1982). Behavioral interventions in resource conservation: A system approach based on behavioral economics. American Psychologist, 37, 4, 421-435.
Outlines some of the advantages of an integration of psychological (social-learning) and economic conceptualizations when developing behavioral interventions in resource conservat…

Folk Quantification of Energy

Kempton, W., & Montgomery, L. (1982). Folk quantification of energy. Energy, 7, 10, 817-827.
Consumers use simplified measurements as a basis for residential energy decisions. We analyze their measurements of monthly consumption, changes through time, comparison of appl…

Comparing the Effects of Monetary Incentives and Foot-in-the-Door Strategies in Promoting Residential Electricity Conservation

Katzev, R. D., & Johnson, T. R. (1984). Comparing the effects of monetary incentives and foot-in-the-door strategies in promoting residential electricity conservation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14, 1, 12-27.
Investigated the relative effectiveness of incentive (monetary) and minimal justification (foot-in-the-door) techniques in promoting electrical energy conservation among 90 homeow…

A Social-Psychological Analysis of Residential Electricity Consumption: The Impact of Minimal Justification Techniques

Katzev, R. D., & Johnson, T. R. (1983). A social-psychological analysis of residential electricity consumption: The impact of minimal justification techniques. Journal of Economic Psychology, 3, 3-4, 267-284.
Explored the impact of the foot-in-the-door technique on residential energy conservation. 66 homeowners were asked to curtail their consumption of electricity by 10%. In the foot-…

Tin Recycling: Awareness, Comprehension, Attitude, Intention and Behavior

Kok, G., & Siero, S. (1985). Tin recycling: Awareness, comprehension, attitude, intention and behavior. Journal of Economic Psychology, 6, 2, 157-173.
Investigated factors that influence participation in a tin-recycling program. Three theoretical viewpoints are integrated in a stepwise model of participation: (1) attitude change…

Fear-Arousing and Empathy-Arousing Appeals to Help: The Pathos of Persuasion

Shelton, M. L., & Rogers, R. W. (1981). Fear-arousing and empathy-arousing appeals to help: The pathos of persuasion.. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 11, 4, 366-378.
Tested the proposition that the components of a fear appeal, which persuade people to protect themselves, are the same components that persuade them to protect others. Films showi…

Communicating about Environmental Risks: How the Public Uses and Perceives Information Sources

McCallum, D.B., Hammond, S. L. & Covello, V. T. (1991). Communicating about environmental risks: How the public uses and perceives information sources. Health Education Quarterly, 18, 3, 349-361.
Examined environmental risk communication as a community-based public health issue in 6 communities prior to the implementation of national community right-to-know legislation. 3,…

The Strength of Weak and Strong Communication Ties in a Community Information Program

Weenig, M. W. H. (1993). The strength of weak and strong communication ties in a community information program. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 23, 20, 1712-1731.
Conducted a study in 2 lower-class Dutch neighborhoods to show that it is predominantly through weak ties (external sources) that information will be brought into a clique and tha…

Increasing Desired Waste Disposals with Instructions

Geller, E. S. (1975). Increasing desired waste disposals with instructions. Man Environment Systems, 5, 2, 125-128.
In 2 experiments, handbills were distributed to individuals entering a movie theater and grocery store, respectively. 20% more handbills were deposited in the trash cans and ash t…
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