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Comparing the Effects of Monetary Incentives and Foot-in-the-Door Strategies in Promoting Residential Electricity Conservation

Articles
Katzev, R. D., & Johnson, T. R. (1984). Comparing the effects of monetary incentives and foot-in-the-door strategies in promoting residential electricity conservation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14, 1, 12-27.
Investigated the relative effectiveness of incentive (monetary) and minimal justification (foot-in-the-door) techniques in promoting electrical energy conservation among 90 homeow…

Psychological Research for the New Energy Problems: Strategies and Opportunities

Articles
Kempton, W., Darley, J. M., & Stern, P. C. (1992). Psychological research for the new energy problems: Strategies and opportunities. American Psychologist, 47, 10, 1213-1223.
Recent concern with environmental problems has rekindled interest in energy conservation. To illustrate how psychologists can make useful contributions and how a changed energy si…

Newspaper Recycling: The Effects of Rewards and Proximity of Containers

Articles
Luyben, P. D., & Bailey, J. S. (1979). Newspaper recycling: The effects of rewards and proximity of containers. Environment and Behavior, 11, 4, 539-557.
Newspaper recycling, if widely practiced, could contribute to the conservation of natural resources and energy. Two experiments using multiple baseline designs with reversals were…

Motivating Beverage Container Recycling on a College Campus

Articles
Luyben, P. & Cummings, S. (1981-1982). Motivating beverage container recycling on a college campus. Journal of Environmental Systems, 11, 3, 235-245.
Maintaining our materials base for production in the face of the declining energy and materials resources requires effective procedures to encourage recycling of scarce resources.…

Promoting Energy Conservation in Master-Metered Apartments through Group Financial Incentives

Articles
McClelland, L., & Cook, S. W. (1980). Promoting energy conservation in master-metered apartments through group financial incentives. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 10, 1, 20-31.
Describes an energy conservation program conducted among 4 groups of apartments (44-70 units/group) in a university-affiliated family housing complex. The winning group in each of…

Consumption Behaviors Hinge on Financial Self-Interest

Articles
O'Brien, T. P., & Zoumbaris, S. J. (1993). Consumption behaviors hinge on financial self-interest. American Psychologist, 48, 10, 1091-1092.
Comments on the W. Kempton et al (see PA, Vol 80:7794) analysis of the role of financial self-interest in energy consumption (EC). Kempton et al provided a misleading treatment of…

Public Acceptance of Consumer Energy Conservation Strategies

Articles
Olsen, M. E. (1983). Public acceptance of consumer energy conservation strategies. Journal of Economic Psychology, 4, 1-2, 183-196.
Investigated 6 alternative strategies for promoting energy conservation: financial incentives, community programs, efficiency standards, land-use changes, consumption limits, and …

The Effectiveness of Incentives for Residential Energy Conservation

Articles
Stern, P. C., Aronson, E., Darley, J. M., Hill, D. H., Hirst, E., Kempton, W. & Wilbanks, T. J. (1985). The effectiveness of incentives for residential energy conservation. Evaluation Review, 10, 2, 147-176.
Studies evaluating incentive programs for residential energy efficiency are examined to assess the roles of the size and type of incentive and of nonfinancial aspects of the progr…

Answering Behavioral Questions about Energy Efficiency in Buildings

Articles
Stern, P. C., Aronson, E., Darley, J. M., Kempton, W., Hill, D. H., Hirst, E. & Wilbanks, T. J. (1987). Answering behavioral questions about energy efficiency in buildings. Energy, 12, 5, 339-353.
We identify behavioral questions that arise with 4 kinds of policy interventions for energy efficiency in buildings: information, incentives, standards, and technological research…

Energy Behavior

Articles
Archer, D., Pettigrew, T., Costanzo, M., Iritani, B., Walker, I. & White, L. (1987). Energy conservation and public policy: The mediation of individual behavior. Energy Efficiency: Perspectives on Individual Behavior, 69-92.
Evaluates 2 schools of thought about energy conservation--the behavioral school, which calls for incentives to individuals, and the attitude change approach, which relies on infor…

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