Habits, Hardware, and Energy Conservation

Stern, P. C., & Gardner, G. T. (1981). Habits, hardware, and energy conservation. American Psychologist, 36, 4, 426-428.

Replies to R. A. Winnett and E. S. Geller's (1981) comment that P. C. Stern and G. T. Gardner (see PA, Vol 67:1169) underemphasized the importance of behavioral changes and overstressed the role of consumer investments in energy efficiency in homes. Stern and Gardner's description of the decentralized solar energy future included nontechnical changes (e.g., decreased mobility, community management of resources, increased recycling).

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