As the earthquake risk in Korea has increased, it has become necessary to cultivate the efficacy of individual citizens by their participation in earthquake response training as a matter of everyday life. This research investigates how confidence in government management capability (CGMC), cognitive evaluation of earthquake risk (CER), and fear as a mediator can promote intention to participate in earthquake response training (IPERT). Data were collected through surveys distributed to Seoul residents at 25 district offices (n=1,148) in Korea. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM), with valid measurements tested by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). CGMC plays an important role in increasing IPERT directly and indirectly. While CER does not increase IPERT directly, it indirectly increases IPERT via the mediation of fear.