Sun-protection behaviors among African Americans.

Pichon, L.C., Corral, I., Landrine, H., Mayer, J.A., & Norman, G.J. (2010). Sun-protection behaviors among African Americans. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38(3), 288-295.

Background: Data suggest that the prevalence of sun-protection behaviors is low (44%) among African Americans; the samples in such studies, however, tended to be small or nonrepresentative. 

Purpose: This article aims to examine the prevalence and correlates of sun-protection behaviors among a large, random, statewide sample of African-American adults living in California to ascertain behavioral patterns and highlight directions for targeted interventions. 

Methods: From September 2006 through May 2008, an anonymous health survey collected data on sunscreen, sunglasses, and wide-brim hat use among a random sample of 2187 African-American adults, and assessed demographic, regional, skin type, and other potential correlates of these behaviors. The analysis was conducted in 2009. 

Results: Only 31% engaged in at least one sun-protection behavior; of the three behaviors, sun- screen use was the least prevalent, with 63% never using sunscreen. Multivariate logistic regressions revealed that gender, SES, and skin type were significant predictors of sun-protection behaviors. 

Conclusions: Tailored interventions to increase sun-protection behaviors among African Americans (men in particular) are needed.

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