Prompting Thermostat Setting Behavior: Public Response to a Presidential Appeal for Conservation

Luyben, P. D. (1982). Prompting thermostat setting behavior: Public response to a presidential appeal for conservation. Environment and Behavior, 14, 1, 113-128.
Surveyed 419 residents door-to-door and by telephone to obtain readings of thermostat settings immediately after President Carter's 1977 appeal to conserve energy. Results show th…

Consumers' Attitudes toward Energy Conservation

Olsen, M. E. (1981). Consumers' attitudes toward energy conservation. Journal of Social Issues, 37, 2, 108-131.
Previous research indicates that about 50% of all Americans believe that the energy problem is real and serious, and less than 25% are completely unconvinced of the problem. Large…

Preferred Solutions to the Energy Crisis as a Function of Causal Attributions

Belk, R., Painter, J. & Semenik, R. (1981). Preferred solutions to the energy crisis as a function of causal attributions. Journal of Consumer Research, 8, 3, 306-312.
Results of 2 studies that obtained data from 605 heads of household support hypotheses that those accepting personal responsibility for the energy crisis favored and reported adop…

Evaluating Energy Conservation Programs

Claxton, J. D., Ritchie, J. R., & McDougall, G. H. (1983). Evaluating acceptability and effectiveness of consumer energy conservation programs. Journal of Economic Psychology, 4, 1-2, 71-83.
Examines the problems involved in conducting program evaluation in the field of energy conservation. A critical view of evaluation research that highlights its similarities to bas…

Thermal Comfort and Strategies for Energy Conservation

Rohles, F. H. (1981). Thermal comfort and strategies for energy conservation. Journal of Social Issues, 37, 2, 132-149.
Posits that human response to the thermal environment depends on 7 variables: air temperature, relative humidity, mean radiant temperature, air velocity, clothing, physical activi…

Voluntary Response to Energy Conservation Appeals

Walker, J. M. (1980). Voluntary response to energy conservation appeals. Journal of Consumer Research, 7, 1, 88-92.
Reviews studies that support the hypothesis that there would be a voluntary reduction in residential energy use following the Arab oil embargo. The extent to which this reduction …

The Remorseless Working of Things: A Common Tragedy in Environmental Resource Management

Harris, C. L. (1979). The remorseless working of things: A common tragedy in environmental resource management. EDRA: Environmental Design Research Association, 10, 431-435.
Tested the hypothesis that a territorialized resource pool avoids the social trap of wasting energy. A field investigation of apartment, townhouse, and single-family home dwellers…

Using Group Contingencies to Reduce Natural Gas Consumption in Master Metered Apartments

Slavin, R. E. & Wodarski, J. S. (1977). Center for Social Organization of Schools Report, Johns Hopkins U. Using group contingencies to reduce natural gas consumption in master metered apartments. (pp. 16).
Examined the effectiveness of large vs small group contingencies in reducing the natural gas consumption of apartment residents who did not pay for their utilities. Results show t…

"Consciousness" in Energy Conservation Behavior: An Exploratory Study

Heslop, L. A., Moran, L. & Cousineau, A. (1981). "Consciousness" in energy conservation behavior: An exploratory study. Journal of Consumer Research, 8, 3, 299-305.
An analysis of 6 yrs of electricity consumption in Canada, along with questionnaire data, highlights the importance of household characteristics and family size in predicting elec…

The Constructive, Destructive, and Reconstructive Power of Social Norms

Schultz P. W., Nolan J. M., Cialdini R. B., Goldstein N. J., Griskevicius Vladas (2007). The Constructive, Destructive, and Reconstructive Power of Social Norms. Psychological Science, 18(5), 429-434.
Despite a long tradition of effectiveness in laboratory tests, normative messages have had mixed success in changing behavior in field contexts, with some studies showing boomeran…

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