The Constructive, Destructive, and Reconstructive Power of Social Norms

Articles
Schultz P. W., Nolan J. M., Cialdini R. B., Goldstein N. J., Griskevicius Vladas (2007). The Constructive, Destructive, and Reconstructive Power of Social Norms. Psychological Science, 18(5), 429-434.
Despite a long tradition of effectiveness in laboratory tests, normative messages have had mixed success in changing behavior in field contexts, with some studies showing boomeran…

How Do Socio-demographic and Psychological Factors Relate to Households Direct and Indirect Energy Use and Savings?

Articles
Abrahamse, W. & Steg, L. (2009). How Do Socio-demographic and Psychological Factors Relate to Households Direct and Indirect Energy Use and Savings?. Journal of Economic Psychology, 30, 711-720.
Households constitute an important target group for energy conservation. They not only use energy in a direct way (gas, electricity and fuel) but also in an indirect way (embedded…

Social Norms and Cooperation in Real-life Social Dilemmas

Articles
Thogersen, J. (2008). Social norms and cooperation in real-life social dilemmas. Journal of Economic Psychology, 29(4), 458-472.
The hypothesis, that injunctive and descriptive norms interact positively or synergistically to promote cooperation in social dilemmas, is tested in the context of a survey study …

Exploring Individual-Level Factors Related to Employee Energy-Conservation Behaviors at Work

Articles
Scherbaum, C., Popovich, P., & Finlinson, S. (2008). Exploring individual-level factors related to employee energy-conservation behaviors at work. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 38(3), 818-835.
The higher costs of energy have increased organizations' interest in searching for ways to reduce energy use. Typically, organizations have utilized structural or operational chan…

Putting Text in Context: The Conflict Between Pro-Ecological Messages and Anti-Ecological Descriptive Norms

Articles
Oceja, L., & Berenguer, J. (2009). Putting text in context: The conflict between pro-ecological messages and anti-ecological descriptive norms. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 12(2), 657-666.
In the present work we test whether the effectiveness of ecological messages may be canceled out when they conflict with the descriptive norm that is salient in the situation. In …

Consumer Voices: Adoption of Residential Energy-Efficient Practices

Articles
Niemeyer, S. (2010). Consumer voices: Adoption of residential energy-efficient practices. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 34(2), 140-145. doi:10.1111/j.1470-6431.2009.00841.x.
The purpose of this research is to identify constraining variables that may impinge on adopting energy-efficient practices, materials, equipment and technology in households. The …

Compliance Motivations: Affirmative and Negative Bases

Articles
May, P. (2004). Compliance motivations: Affirmative and negative bases. Law & Society Review, 38(1), 41-65. doi:10.1111/j.0023-9216.2004.03801002.x.
This research addresses affirmative and negative motivations for compliance with social and environmental regulations. Affirmative motivations emanate from good intentions and a s…

Understanding Air Force Members' Intentions to Participate in Pro-environmental Behaviors: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior

Articles
Laudenslager, M., Holt, D., & Lofgren, S. (2004). Understanding air force members' intentions to participate in pro-environmental behaviors: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 98(3,Pt2), 1162-1170. doi:10.2466/PMS.98.4.1162-1170.
At a single installation, a cross section of 307 active duty Air Force members completed questionnaires to assess whether the theory of planned behavior was useful in explaining t…

How do Small and Medium Enterprises Go Green? A Study of Environmental Management Programs in the U.S. Wine Industry

Articles
Cordano, M., Marshall, R., & Silverman, M. (2010). How do small and medium enterprises go green? A study of environmental management programs in the U.S. wine industry. Journal of Business Ethics, 92(3), 463-478. doi:10.1007/s10551-009-0168-z.
In industries populated by small and medium enterprises, managers’ good intentions frequently incur barriers to superior environmental performance (Tilley, Bus Strategy Environ 8:…

Internal and External Influences on Pro-environmental Behavior: Participation in a Green Electricity Program

Articles
Clark, C., Kotchen, M., & Moore, M. (2003). Internal and external influences on pro-environmental behavior: Participation in a green electricity program. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23(3), 237-246. doi:10.1016/S0272-4944(02)00105-6.
This paper integrates themes from psychology and economics to analyze pro-environmental behavior. Increasingly, both disciplines share an interest in understanding internal and ex…

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