A Group Contingency for Electricity Conservation in Master-Metered Apartments

Slavin, R., Wodarski, J., & Blackburn, B. (1981, September). A group contingency for electricity conservation in master-metered apartments. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 14(3), 357-363.
In Study 1, residents of 166 apartment units in 3 towers held meetings and received biweekly payments of the value of electricity saved compared to predicted use. Overall, residen…

Personal and Contextual Influences on Household Energy Adaptations

Black, J. S., Stern, P. C. & Elworth, J. T. (1985). Personal and contextual influences on household energy adaptations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 70, 1, 3-21.
Examined the interactive effects of economic, demographic, structural, and psychological variables on 4 behaviorally distinct types of reported conservation response involving ene…

Household Income, Electricity Use, and Rate-Structure Preferences

Blocker, T. J. & Koski, P. R. (1984). Household income, electricity use, and rate-structure preferences. Environment and Behavior, 16, 5, 551-572.
Explores the relationship between household income, present electricity use, and preferences for 3 proposed conservation-promoting electricity-rate structures, using data on 852 h…

Why Is it So Hard to Sell "Savings" as a Reason for Energy Conservation?

Feldman, S. (1987). Why is it so hard to sell "savings" as a reason for energy conservation?. Energy Efficiency: Perspectives on Individual behavior, 27-40.

Reducing Residential Electrical Energy Use: Payments, Information and Feedback

Hayes, S. C., & Cone, J. D. (1977). Reducing residential electrical energy use: Payments, information and feedback. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10, 3, 425-435.
Monetary payments, energy information, and daily feedback on consumption were employed to reduce electricity use in 4 units of an 80-unit university student housing complex for ma…

Review of Utility Home Energy Audit Programs

Hirst, E., Berry, L. & Soderstrom, J. (1981). Review of utility home energy audit programs. Energy, 6, 7, 621-630.
Evaluation efforts of utilities with active home energy audit programs were reviewed to provide insights into the operations and effectiveness of existing utility home energy audi…

Comparing the Effects of Monetary Incentives and Foot-in-the-Door Strategies in Promoting Residential Electricity Conservation

Katzev, R. D., & Johnson, T. R. (1984). Comparing the effects of monetary incentives and foot-in-the-door strategies in promoting residential electricity conservation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14, 1, 12-27.
Investigated the relative effectiveness of incentive (monetary) and minimal justification (foot-in-the-door) techniques in promoting electrical energy conservation among 90 homeow…

Psychological Research for the New Energy Problems: Strategies and Opportunities

Kempton, W., Darley, J. M., & Stern, P. C. (1992). Psychological research for the new energy problems: Strategies and opportunities. American Psychologist, 47, 10, 1213-1223.
Recent concern with environmental problems has rekindled interest in energy conservation. To illustrate how psychologists can make useful contributions and how a changed energy si…

Promoting Energy Conservation in Master-Metered Apartments through Group Financial Incentives

McClelland, L., & Cook, S. W. (1980). Promoting energy conservation in master-metered apartments through group financial incentives. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 10, 1, 20-31.
Describes an energy conservation program conducted among 4 groups of apartments (44-70 units/group) in a university-affiliated family housing complex. The winning group in each of…

Consumption Behaviors Hinge on Financial Self-Interest

O'Brien, T. P., & Zoumbaris, S. J. (1993). Consumption behaviors hinge on financial self-interest. American Psychologist, 48, 10, 1091-1092.
Comments on the W. Kempton et al (see PA, Vol 80:7794) analysis of the role of financial self-interest in energy consumption (EC). Kempton et al provided a misleading treatment of…

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