Psychological Research for the New Energy Problems: Strategies and Opportunities

Articles
Kempton, W., Darley, J. M., & Stern, P. C. (1992). Psychological research for the new energy problems: Strategies and opportunities. American Psychologist, 47, 10, 1213-1223.
Recent concern with environmental problems has rekindled interest in energy conservation. To illustrate how psychologists can make useful contributions and how a changed energy si…

Comparing the Effects of Monetary Incentives and Foot-in-the-Door Strategies in Promoting Residential Electricity Conservation

Articles
Katzev, R. D., & Johnson, T. R. (1984). Comparing the effects of monetary incentives and foot-in-the-door strategies in promoting residential electricity conservation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 14, 1, 12-27.
Investigated the relative effectiveness of incentive (monetary) and minimal justification (foot-in-the-door) techniques in promoting electrical energy conservation among 90 homeow…

Promoting Energy Conservation in Master-Metered Apartments through Group Financial Incentives

Articles
McClelland, L., & Cook, S. W. (1980). Promoting energy conservation in master-metered apartments through group financial incentives. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 10, 1, 20-31.
Describes an energy conservation program conducted among 4 groups of apartments (44-70 units/group) in a university-affiliated family housing complex. The winning group in each of…

Consumption Behaviors Hinge on Financial Self-Interest

Articles
O'Brien, T. P., & Zoumbaris, S. J. (1993). Consumption behaviors hinge on financial self-interest. American Psychologist, 48, 10, 1091-1092.
Comments on the W. Kempton et al (see PA, Vol 80:7794) analysis of the role of financial self-interest in energy consumption (EC). Kempton et al provided a misleading treatment of…

Public Acceptance of Consumer Energy Conservation Strategies

Articles
Olsen, M. E. (1983). Public acceptance of consumer energy conservation strategies. Journal of Economic Psychology, 4, 1-2, 183-196.
Investigated 6 alternative strategies for promoting energy conservation: financial incentives, community programs, efficiency standards, land-use changes, consumption limits, and …

The Effectiveness of Incentives for Residential Energy Conservation

Articles
Stern, P. C., Aronson, E., Darley, J. M., Hill, D. H., Hirst, E., Kempton, W. & Wilbanks, T. J. (1985). The effectiveness of incentives for residential energy conservation. Evaluation Review, 10, 2, 147-176.
Studies evaluating incentive programs for residential energy efficiency are examined to assess the roles of the size and type of incentive and of nonfinancial aspects of the progr…

A Behavioral Model of Residential Energy Use

Articles
van-Raaij, W. F., & Verhallen, T. M. (1983). A behavioral model of residential energy use. Journal of Economic Psychology, 3, 1, 39-63.
Proposes a model that relates personal, environmental (e.g., home), and behavioral factors to energy use. This model is instrumental in relating variables that determine energy us…

Environmental Concern: The Development of a Measure

Articles
Weigel, R. & Weigel, J. (1978). Environmental concern: The development of a measure. Environment and Behavior, 10, 1, 3-15.
In a master-metered apartment complex, electricity use is metered at a single point for all tenants so that tenants do not pay energy bills based on their individual use. An exper…

Energy Demand Behavior in a Master-Metered Apartment Complex: An Experimental Analysis

Articles
Walker, J. M. (1979). Energy demand behavior in a master-metered apartment complex: An experimental analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 64, 2, 190-196.
In a master-metered apartment complex, electricity use is metered at a single point for all tenants so that tenants do not pay energy bills based on their individual use. An exper…

Behavioral Interventions in Resource Conservation: A System Approach Based on Behavioral Economics

Articles
Winkler, R. C., & Winett, R. A. (1982). Behavioral interventions in resource conservation: A system approach based on behavioral economics. American Psychologist, 37, 4, 421-435.
Outlines some of the advantages of an integration of psychological (social-learning) and economic conceptualizations when developing behavioral interventions in resource conservat…

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