Focus Theory of Normative Conduct and Terror Management Theory: The Interactive Impact of Mortality Salience and Norm Salience on Social Judgment

Jonas, E., Martens, A., Niesta Kayser, D., Fritsche, I., Sullivan, D., & Greenberg, J. (2008). Focus theory of normative conduct and terror management theory: the interactive impact of mortality salience and norm salience on social judgment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(6) 12391251.
Research on terror-management theory has shown that after mortality salience (MS) people attempt to live up to cultural values. But cultures often value very different and sometim…

The Effect of a Favor on Public and Private Compliance: How Internalized is the Norm of Reciprocity?

Whatley, M., Webster, J., Smith, R., & Rhodes, A. (1999). The effect of a favor on public and private compliance: How internalized is the norm of reciprocity?. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 21(3), 251-259. doi:10.1207/S15324834BASP2103_8.
The norm of reciprocity requires that we repay in kind what another has done for us. This study examined the degree that social (public) and internal (private) consequences of rec…

Comparing and Combining Theories to Explain Proenvironmental Intentions: The Case of Commuting-mode Choice

Wall, R., Devine-Wright, P., & Mill, G. (2007). Comparing and combining theories to explain proenvironmental intentions: The case of commuting-mode choice. Environment and Behavior, 39(6), 731-753. doi:10.1177/0013916506294594.
This article addresses the need for systematic theory comparison and development in environmentally significant behavior (ESB) research. Using logistic regression (N = 398), model…

The Eye of the Camera: Effects of Security Cameras on Prosocial Behavior

van Rompay, T., Vonk, D., & Fransen, M. (2009). The eye of the camera: Effects of security cameras on prosocial behavior. Environment and Behavior, 41(1), 60-74. doi:10.1177/0013916507309996.
This study addresses the effects of security cameras on prosocial behavior. Results from previous studies indicate that the presence of others can trigger helping behavior, arisin…

The Relative Influence of Attitudes and Subjective Norms from Childhood to Adolescence: Between-Participant and Within-Participant Analyses

Trafimow, D., Brown, J., Grace, K., Thompson, L., & Sheeran, P. (2002). The relative influence of attitudes and subjective norms from childhood to adolescence: Between-participant and within-participant analyses. The American Journal of Psychology, 115(3), 395-414.
313 children and adolescents (ages 8-16) were asked to indicate their behavioral intentions, attitudes, and subjective norms for 34 behaviors. Between-participant and within-parti…

Responses to Within-Group Criticism: Does Past Adherence to Group Norms Matter?

Tarrant, M., & Campbell, E. (2007). Responses to within-group criticism: Does past adherence to group norms matter?. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37(6), 1187-1202. doi:10.1002/ejsp.441.
Two studies tested the hypothesis that responses to within-group criticism are influenced by perceptions of a critic's prior adherence to ingroup norms. Participants responded to …

The Structure Among Measures of Personality, Social Attitudes, Values, and Social Norms

Stankov, L. (2007). The structure among measures of personality, social attitudes, values, and social norms. Journal of Individual Differences, 28(4), 240-251. doi:10.1027/1614-0001.28.4.240.
This paper presents the results of a study that employed measures of personality, social attitudes, values, and social norms that have been the focus of recent research in individ…

Uncertainty and the Influence of Group Norms in the Attitude-Behaviour Relationship

Smith, J., Hogg, M., Martin, R., & Terry, D. (2007). Uncertainty and the influence of group norms in the attitude-behaviour relationship. British Journal of Social Psychology, 46(4), 769-792. doi:10.1348/014466606X164439.
Two studies were conducted to examine the impact of subjective uncertainty on conformity to group norms in the attitude-behaviour context. In both studies, subjective uncertainty …

Do as We Say and as We Do: The Interplay of Descriptive and Injunctive Group Norms in the Attitude-Behaviour Relationship

Smith, J., & Louis, W. (2008). Do as we say and as we do: The interplay of descriptive and injunctive group norms in the attitude-behaviour relationship. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47(4), 647-666. doi:10.1348/014466607X269748.
Past research on the social identity approach to attitude–behaviour relations has operationalized group norms as a mixture of both descriptive information (i.e. what most people d…

Attitude-Behaviour Consistency: The Role of Group Norms, Attitude Accessibility, and Mode of Behavioural Decision-making

Smith, J., & Terry, D. (2003). Attitude-behaviour consistency: The role of group norms, attitude accessibility, and mode of behavioural decision-making. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33(5), 591-608. doi:10.1002/ejsp.172.
The interplay between two perspectives that have recently been applied in the attitude area--the social identity approach to attitude-behaviour relations (Terry & Hogg, 1996) and …

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