Actual vs. Reported behavior: Increasing handwashing in public restrooms.

Nichols, A. L. (2014). Actual vs. Reported behavior: Increasing handwashing in public restrooms. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 73(1), 41-46.
Past research has failed to adequately address the reasons behind the lack of handwashing in public restrooms. The present study explores possibilities for using psychology to des…
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The effects of social norms on male hygiene.

Nalbone, D. P., Lee, K. P., Suroviak, A. R., & Lannon, J. M. (2005). The effects of social norms on male hygiene. Individual Differences Research, 3(3), 171-176.
Numerous studies have found that individuals are more likely to comply with social norms when in the presence of others. To test the hypothesis that restroom hygiene norms would b…

Focus Theory of Normative Conduct and Terror Management Theory: The Interactive Impact of Mortality Salience and Norm Salience on Social Judgment

Jonas, E., Martens, A., Niesta Kayser, D., Fritsche, I., Sullivan, D., & Greenberg, J. (2008). Focus theory of normative conduct and terror management theory: the interactive impact of mortality salience and norm salience on social judgment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(6) 12391251.
Research on terror-management theory has shown that after mortality salience (MS) people attempt to live up to cultural values. But cultures often value very different and sometim…

The Effect of a Favor on Public and Private Compliance: How Internalized is the Norm of Reciprocity?

Whatley, M., Webster, J., Smith, R., & Rhodes, A. (1999). The effect of a favor on public and private compliance: How internalized is the norm of reciprocity?. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 21(3), 251-259. doi:10.1207/S15324834BASP2103_8.
The norm of reciprocity requires that we repay in kind what another has done for us. This study examined the degree that social (public) and internal (private) consequences of rec…

Comparing and Combining Theories to Explain Proenvironmental Intentions: The Case of Commuting-mode Choice

Wall, R., Devine-Wright, P., & Mill, G. (2007). Comparing and combining theories to explain proenvironmental intentions: The case of commuting-mode choice. Environment and Behavior, 39(6), 731-753. doi:10.1177/0013916506294594.
This article addresses the need for systematic theory comparison and development in environmentally significant behavior (ESB) research. Using logistic regression (N = 398), model…

The Eye of the Camera: Effects of Security Cameras on Prosocial Behavior

van Rompay, T., Vonk, D., & Fransen, M. (2009). The eye of the camera: Effects of security cameras on prosocial behavior. Environment and Behavior, 41(1), 60-74. doi:10.1177/0013916507309996.
This study addresses the effects of security cameras on prosocial behavior. Results from previous studies indicate that the presence of others can trigger helping behavior, arisin…

The Relative Influence of Attitudes and Subjective Norms from Childhood to Adolescence: Between-Participant and Within-Participant Analyses

Trafimow, D., Brown, J., Grace, K., Thompson, L., & Sheeran, P. (2002). The relative influence of attitudes and subjective norms from childhood to adolescence: Between-participant and within-participant analyses. The American Journal of Psychology, 115(3), 395-414.
313 children and adolescents (ages 8-16) were asked to indicate their behavioral intentions, attitudes, and subjective norms for 34 behaviors. Between-participant and within-parti…

When Social Norms and Pressures Are Not Enough: Environmental Performance in the Trucking Industry

Thornton, D., Kagan, R., & Gunningham, N. (2009). When social norms and pressures are not enough: Environmental performance in the trucking industry. Law & Society Review, 43(2), 405-436. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5893.2009.00377.x.
Why do some business firms and not others work hard to advance regulatory values such as environmental protection and comply with regulations? Previous research indicates that bus…

Responses to Within-Group Criticism: Does Past Adherence to Group Norms Matter?

Tarrant, M., & Campbell, E. (2007). Responses to within-group criticism: Does past adherence to group norms matter?. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37(6), 1187-1202. doi:10.1002/ejsp.441.
Two studies tested the hypothesis that responses to within-group criticism are influenced by perceptions of a critic's prior adherence to ingroup norms. Participants responded to …

The Structure Among Measures of Personality, Social Attitudes, Values, and Social Norms

Stankov, L. (2007). The structure among measures of personality, social attitudes, values, and social norms. Journal of Individual Differences, 28(4), 240-251. doi:10.1027/1614-0001.28.4.240.
This paper presents the results of a study that employed measures of personality, social attitudes, values, and social norms that have been the focus of recent research in individ…

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