What Psychology Knows about Energy Conservation

Articles
Stern, P. C. (1992). What psychology knows about energy conservation. American Psychologist, 47, 10, 1224-1232.
Psychological research in the 1970s and early 1980s contributed to understanding the determinants of energy use and energy conservation, particularly in households. This article r…

The Home Power Movement: Technology, Behavior, and the Environment

Articles
Tatum, J. S. The home power movement: Technology, behavior, and the environment. Human Dimensions, 2, 141-149.
Extended interviews with about 50 widely distributed participants in the Home Power movement suggest that approximately 25,000 homes in the U. S. now rely on their own photovoltai…

Habits, Hardware, and Energy Conservation

Articles
Stern, P. C., & Gardner, G. T. (1981). Habits, hardware, and energy conservation. American Psychologist, 36, 4, 426-428.
Replies to R. A. Winnett and E. S. Geller's (1981) comment that P. C. Stern and G. T. Gardner (see PA, Vol 67:1169) underemphasized the importance of behavioral changes and overst…

Responses to Changing Energy Conditions among Massachusetts Households

Articles
Stern, P. C., Black, J. S. & Elworth, J. T. (1983). Responses to changing energy conditions among Massachusetts households. Energy, 8, 7, 515-523.
Survey data on 478 residential electricity consumers in Massachusetts are used to examine the effects of economic, demographic, structural, and attitudinal variables on energy-sav…

The Effectiveness of Incentives for Residential Energy Conservation

Articles
Stern, P. C., Aronson, E., Darley, J. M., Hill, D. H., Hirst, E., Kempton, W. & Wilbanks, T. J. (1985). The effectiveness of incentives for residential energy conservation. Evaluation Review, 10, 2, 147-176.
Studies evaluating incentive programs for residential energy efficiency are examined to assess the roles of the size and type of incentive and of nonfinancial aspects of the progr…

Predicting Summer Energy Consumption from Homeowners' Attitudes

Articles
Seligman, C., Kriss, M., Darley, J. M., Fazio, R. H., Becker, L. J. & Pryor, J. B. (1979). Predicting summer energy consumption from homeowners' attitudes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 9, 1, 70-90.
Two surveys were conducted to examine the relationship between homeowners' attitudes toward energy use and their actual summer electric consumption. In Survey 1, 56 couples fille…

Prompting Behavior Change in the Community: Use of Mass Media Techniques

Articles
Schnelle, J. F., McNees, M. P., Thomas, M. M., Gendrich, J. G., & Beagle, G. P. (1980). Prompting behavior change in the community: Use of mass media techniques. Environment and Behavior, 12, 2, 157-166.
Based on studies of US domestic energy consumption, it is contended that most Americans have not internalized an energy conservation ethic to any extent. It is asserted that in th…

Self Esteem and Energy Use: Toward the Internalization of a Conservation Ethic

Articles
Schulz, D. A. (1985). Self esteem and energy use: Toward the internalization of a conservation ethic. Marriage and Family Review, 9, 1-2, 67-80.
Based on studies of US domestic energy consumption, it is contended that most Americans have not internalized an energy conservation ethic to any extent. It is asserted that in th…

Attitudes toward Energy Conservation: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Articles
Samuelson, C. D., & Biek, M. (1991). Attitudes toward energy conservation: A confirmatory factor analysis. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 21, 7, 549-568.
Conducted a survey of citizens' attitudes and beliefs toward energy use and conservation in the southwestern US. A probability sample of 1,000 adults responded to a 10-item teleph…

Energy Conservation: A Social Dilemma Approach. Special Issue: Applied Perspectives on Social and Temporal Dilemmas

Articles
Samuelson, C. D. (1990). Energy conservation: A social dilemma approach. Special Issue: Applied perspectives on social and temporal dilemmas. Social Behaviour, 5, 4, 207-230.
Analyzes the problem of residential energy use and energy conservation, using a social dilemma approach. Laboratory experiments on social dilemmas and field studies of energy cons…

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