Designing Effective Instructional Signs with Schema Theory: Case Studies of Polystyrene Recycling

Articles
Werner, C. M., Rhodes, M.U. & Partain, K. K. (1998). Designing effective instructional signs with schema theory: Case studies of polystyrene recycling. Environment and Behavior, 30, 5, 709-735.
Two studies supported the hypothesis that signs designed to create a new polystyrene schema would be more effective than signs that did not address patrons' existing schemata. Sch…

Framing and Reframing in Land Use Change Conflicts

Articles
Kaufman, S. & Smith, J. (1999). Framing and reframing in land use change conflicts. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, 16, 2, 164-180.
Proposed changes to community land use frequently give rise to protracted disputes. Cognitive psychology, communication, and decision-making research suggests that frames, which f…

Motivating Recycling Behavior: A Quasiexperimental Investigation of Message and Source Strategies

Articles
Lord, K. R. (1994). Motivating recycling behavior: A quasiexperimental investigation of message and source strategies. Special Issue: Psychology, marketing, and recycling. Psychology and Marketing, 11, 4, 341-358.
Using a quasiexperimental design, direct behavioral observations and attitudinal and other survey data were drawn from 140 households to test hypotheses related to the efficacy of…

Green Movement in a Newly Industrializing Area: A Survey on the Attitudes and Behaviour of the Hong Kong Citizens

Articles
Chan, R. & Yam, E. (1995). Green movement in a newly industrializing area: A survey on the attitudes and behaviour of the Hong Kong citizens. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 5, 4, 273-284.
Tested the relationship between environmental attitudes and behavior of the citizens of Hong Kong using a revised version of M. P. Maloney & M. P. Ward's ecological scale. Variabl…

Self-Perception Based Strategies for Stimulating Energy Conservation

Articles
Allen, C. T. (1982). Self-perception based strategies for stimulating energy conservation. Journal of Consumer Research, 8, 4, 381-390.
Examined the utility of self-perception based influence techniques for stimulating socially conscious consumption by testing one such technique--an attribution/labeling message. S…

Should you Advertise to Hostile Audiences?

Articles
Winters, L. C. (1977). Should you advertise to hostile audiences?. Journal of Advertising Research, 17, 3, 7-15.
Describes how radio and TV advertising was used to counteract the sharp public hostility toward Standard Oil of California and Chevron that developed after the oil embargo. The co…

Ecological Awareness, Environmentalist Action, and International Conservation Strategy

Articles
Kottak, C. P. & Costa, A. C. (1993). Ecological awareness, environmentalist action, and international conservation strategy. Human Organization, 52, 4, 335-343.
Describes ongoing research on environmental risk perception and action in Brazil and Madagascar. Researchers have been investigating the relationship between the perception of env…

Attitude Change and Information Integration in Fear Appeals

Articles
Rogers, R. W. (1985). Attitude change and information integration in fear appeals. Psychological Reports, 56, 1, 179-182.
Investigated the combinatorial rule individuals use to integrate information about the components of a fear appeal. 89 undergraduates were presented with information about a hypot…

Putting the Fear Back into Fear Appeals: The Extended Parallel Process Model

Articles
Witte, K. (1992). Putting the fear back into fear appeals: The extended parallel process model. Communication Monographs, 59, 4, 329-349.
Based on H. Leventhal's (1970) danger control/fear control framework, a fear appeal theory is proposed, called the extended parallel process model (EPPM). The purpose of the EPPM …

Internal External Locus of Control as a Moderator of Fear Appeals

Articles
Burnett, J. J. (1981). Internal external locus of control as a moderator of fear appeals. Journal of Applied Psychology, 66, 3, 390-393.
161 midwestern US residents responded to a questionnaire that contained Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale, 1 of 4 fear messages, and scales measuring attitudes and…

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