The Collective Dynamics of Smoking in a Large Social Network

Christakis, N. A., & Fowler, J. H. (2008). The Collective Dynamics of Smoking in a Large Social Network. New England Journal of Medicine, 358(21) 2249-2258.
Background: The prevalence of smoking has decreased substantially in the United States over the past 30 years. We examined the extent of the person-to-person spread of smoking beh…

Invoking Social Norms:A Social Psychology Perspective on Improving Hotels' Linen-Reuse Programs

Goldstein, N., Griskevicius, V., Cialdini, R. (2007). Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 48(2), 145-150.
Social psychology theory can be applied to such mundane purposes as encouraging guests to reuse their washroom towels. In contrast to the appeals now in use to persuade guests to …

Can One Make a Difference? Exploring the Differential Effects of Norm Salience and the Self-Monitoring Trait on the Norm Focus Theory's Application to Recycling Behavior

Dakin, S. A. Can one make a difference? Exploring the differential effects of norm salience and the self-monitoring trait on the Norm Focus Theory's application to recycling behavior. Vol. 56. 1998.
This study tested the Norm Focus Theory in the realm of recycling behavior. Results supported the theory's major tenet that making a social norm salient will produce behavior in a…

An Integrated Model of Waste Management Behavior: A Test of Household Recycling and Composting Intentions

Taylor, S., & Todd, P. An integrated model of waste management behavior: A test of household recycling and composting intentions. Vol. 27. 1995. 603-630.
Studied the antecedents of recycling and compositing intentions in the context of an integrated waste management behavior model. The model is based on the theory of planned behavi…

Prominent Factors Influencing Environmental Activities: Application of the Environmental Leadership Model (ELM). Special Issue: Leadership for Environmental and Social Change

Flannery, B. L., & May, D. R. Prominent factors influencing environmental activities: Application of the Environmental Leadership Model (ELM). Special Issue: Leadership for environmental and social change. Vol. 5. 1994. 201-221.
Presents the ELM, which specifies 4 prominent antecedents to an organization's environmental strategic formulation process. These factors include (1) moral norms and values for en…

"Norm"ally Distributed Data: The Differential Effects of Injunctive, Descriptive, and Personal Norms on Littering

Reno, R. R. "Norm"ally distributed data: The differential effects of injunctive, descriptive, and personal norms on littering. Vol. 52. 1991.

Cognitive Consequences of Legislating Postpurchase Behavior: Growing up with the Bottle Bill

Kahle, L. R., & Beatty, S. E. Cognitive consequences of legislating postpurchase behavior: Growing up with the bottle bill. Vol. 17. 1987. 828-843.
Examined the variables of (1) attitudes toward returning bottles, (2) intentions, (3) behaviors, (4) subjective norms, and (5) habits as they function within the cognitive context…

Residential Energy Conservation: The Role of Past Experience in Repetitive Household Behavior

Macey, S. M., & Brown, M. A. Residential energy conservation: The role of past experience in repetitive household behavior. Vol. 15. 1983. 123-141.
Discusses repetitive behaviors that conserve residential energy. Repetitive behavior is viewed as a function of past experience, attitudes, subjective norms, and intentions. Data …

When do People Act to Maintain Common Resources? A Reformulated Psychological Question for our Times

Stern, P. C. When do people act to maintain common resources? A reformulated psychological question for our times. Vol. 13. 1978. 149-158.
Discusses under what conditions people act to maintain common resources so that they will be useful to future generations. Research on individuals and social institutions that act…

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