Joint Effect of Feedback and Goal Setting on Performance: A Field Study of Residential Energy Conservation

Articles
Becker, L. J. (1978). Joint effect of feedback and goal setting on performance: A field study of residential energy conservation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63, 4, 428-433.
The facilitating motivational effect of feedback on performance has been attributed by some to difficult goals set in response to feedback. The present experiment attributes this …

Reduction of Residential Consumption of Electricity through Simple Monthly Feedback

Articles
Hayes, S. C., & Cone, J. D. (1981). Reduction of residential consumption of electricity through simple monthly feedback. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 14, 1, 81-88.
Feedback has been widely used in efforts to control the consumption of electricity. Previous efforts, however, have used forms of feedback that seem economically impractical. The …

Reducing Residential Electrical Energy Use: Payments, Information and Feedback

Articles
Hayes, S. C., & Cone, J. D. (1977). Reducing residential electrical energy use: Payments, information and feedback. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10, 3, 425-435.
Monetary payments, energy information, and daily feedback on consumption were employed to reduce electricity use in 4 units of an 80-unit university student housing complex for ma…

Drop and Tilt: A Comparison of Two Procedures to Increase the Use of Venetian Blinds to Conserve Energy

Articles
Luyben, P. D. (1984). Drop and tilt: A comparison of two procedures to increase the use of venetian blinds to conserve energy. Journal of Community Psychology, 12, 2, 149-154.
Dropping and tilting venetian blinds appropriately can reduce unnecessary heat loss through window glass. Previous research has shown that both feedback and payments can effective…

Promoting Energy Conservation in University Dormitories by Physical, Policy and Resident Behavior Changes

Articles
McClelland, L. & Belsten, L. (1979). Promoting energy conservation in university dormitories by physical, policy and resident behavior changes. Journal of Environmental Systems, 9, 1, 29-38.
Two successive energy conservation programs were implemented in four University of Colorado dormitories. Program I included persuasive communications, information, feedback, and …

The Effect of Goal-Setting and Daily Electronic Feedback on In-Home Energy Use

Articles
Van-Houwelingen, J. H. & Van-Raaij, W. F. (1989). The effect of goal-setting and daily electronic feedback on in-home energy use. Journal of Consumer Research, 16, 1, 98-105.
Compared the effects of daily electronic feedback (DEF) with monthly external feedback (MEF) and with self-monitoring (SMO) of energy use in 325 single family homes in the Netherl…

A Behavioral Model of Residential Energy Use

Articles
van-Raaij, W. F., & Verhallen, T. M. (1983). A behavioral model of residential energy use. Journal of Economic Psychology, 3, 1, 39-63.
Proposes a model that relates personal, environmental (e.g., home), and behavioral factors to energy use. This model is instrumental in relating variables that determine energy us…

Behavioral Interventions in Resource Conservation: A System Approach Based on Behavioral Economics

Articles
Winkler, R. C., & Winett, R. A. (1982). Behavioral interventions in resource conservation: A system approach based on behavioral economics. American Psychologist, 37, 4, 421-435.
Outlines some of the advantages of an integration of psychological (social-learning) and economic conceptualizations when developing behavioral interventions in resource conservat…

The Effects of Videotape Modeling and Daily Feedback on Residential Electricity Conservation, Home Temperature and Humidity, Perceived Comfort, and Clothing Worn: Winter and Summer

Articles
Winett, R. A., Hatcher, J. W., Fort, T. R., Leckliter, I. N., Love, S. Q., Riley, A. W., & Fishback, J. F. (1982). The effects of videotape modeling and daily feedback on residential electricity conservation, home temperature and humidity, perceived comfort, and clothing worn: Winter and summer. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 15, 3, 381-402.
Two studies were conducted in all-electric residences in the winter ( n = 83) and summer ( n = 54) to ascertain how energy conservation strategies focusing on the thermostat cha…

Energy Savings Attributable to Switching from Master Metering to Individual Metering of Electricity

Articles
Nelson, S. H. (1981). Energy savings attributable to switching from master metering to individual metering of electricity. Argonne National Laboratory, Energy and Environmental Systems Division.

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