The Effectiveness of Incentives for Residential Energy Conservation

Articles
Stern, P. C., Aronson, E., Darley, J. M., Hill, D. H., Hirst, E., Kempton, W. & Wilbanks, T. J. (1985). The effectiveness of incentives for residential energy conservation. Evaluation Review, 10, 2, 147-176.
Studies evaluating incentive programs for residential energy efficiency are examined to assess the roles of the size and type of incentive and of nonfinancial aspects of the progr…

A Behavioral Model of Residential Energy Use

Articles
van-Raaij, W. F., & Verhallen, T. M. (1983). A behavioral model of residential energy use. Journal of Economic Psychology, 3, 1, 39-63.
Proposes a model that relates personal, environmental (e.g., home), and behavioral factors to energy use. This model is instrumental in relating variables that determine energy us…

Environmental Concern: The Development of a Measure

Articles
Weigel, R. & Weigel, J. (1978). Environmental concern: The development of a measure. Environment and Behavior, 10, 1, 3-15.
In a master-metered apartment complex, electricity use is metered at a single point for all tenants so that tenants do not pay energy bills based on their individual use. An exper…

Energy Demand Behavior in a Master-Metered Apartment Complex: An Experimental Analysis

Articles
Walker, J. M. (1979). Energy demand behavior in a master-metered apartment complex: An experimental analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 64, 2, 190-196.
In a master-metered apartment complex, electricity use is metered at a single point for all tenants so that tenants do not pay energy bills based on their individual use. An exper…

Behavioral Interventions in Resource Conservation: A System Approach Based on Behavioral Economics

Articles
Winkler, R. C., & Winett, R. A. (1982). Behavioral interventions in resource conservation: A system approach based on behavioral economics. American Psychologist, 37, 4, 421-435.
Outlines some of the advantages of an integration of psychological (social-learning) and economic conceptualizations when developing behavioral interventions in resource conservat…

Energy Savings Attributable to Switching from Master Metering to Individual Metering of Electricity

Articles
Nelson, S. H. (1981). Energy savings attributable to switching from master metering to individual metering of electricity. Argonne National Laboratory, Energy and Environmental Systems Division.

The Value of Incentives in Stimulating Energy Conservation

Articles
Hutton, R. B., & McNeill, D. L. (1981). The value of incentives in stimulating energy conservation. Journal of Consumer Research, 8, 3, 291-298.
In the fall of 1979, the US Department of Energy implemented the Low Cost/No Cost Energy Conservation Program in 6 New England states. Results of a telephone survey of 1,811 house…

Tax Credits as a Means of Influencing Consumer Behavior

Articles
Pitts, R. E., & Wittenbach, J. L. (1981). Tax credits as a means of influencing consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Research, 8, 3, 335-338.
Examined the impact of the Residential Energy Conservation Tax Credit via telephone survey in a midwestern city; 146 individuals participated. Results suggest that the Tax Credit …

Using Group Contingencies to Reduce Natural Gas Consumption in Master Metered Apartments

Articles
Slavin, R. E. & Wodarski, J. S. (1977). Center for Social Organization of Schools Report, Johns Hopkins U. Using group contingencies to reduce natural gas consumption in master metered apartments. (pp. 16).
Examined the effectiveness of large vs small group contingencies in reducing the natural gas consumption of apartment residents who did not pay for their utilities. Results show t…

"Consciousness" in Energy Conservation Behavior: An Exploratory Study

Articles
Heslop, L. A., Moran, L. & Cousineau, A. (1981). "Consciousness" in energy conservation behavior: An exploratory study. Journal of Consumer Research, 8, 3, 299-305.
An analysis of 6 yrs of electricity consumption in Canada, along with questionnaire data, highlights the importance of household characteristics and family size in predicting elec…

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