Using a Colourful, Specially Designed Waste Receptacle to Reduce Litter in Downtown St. Louis, Missouri

Cases
Finnie, W. C. (1973). Field experiments in litter control. Environment and Behavior, 5, 2, 123-144.
As compared to the no trash can condition, there was a 3.15% reduction in litter when standard gallons were on city blocks. Moreover, littering was reduced by 14.7% when the wast…

The Use of Prompts in Increasing Recycling in Academic University Departments

Cases
Austin, J., Hatfield, D. B., Grindle, A. C., & Bailey, J. S. (1993). Increasing recycling in office environments: The effects of specific, informative cues. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 26, 2, 247-253.
In the first department, recycling behavior improved by 54% as compared to the baseline. In the second department, recycling by 17% when the sign prompts were four metres away an…

Improving Participation in a Newspaper Recycling Program in Apartment Complexes Using Prompts

Cases
Reid, D. H., Luyben, P. D., Rawers, R. J. & Bailey, J. S. (1976). Newspaper recycling behavior: the effects of prompting and proximity of containers. Environment and Behavior, 8, 471-481.
There was an increase of over 50% in the weight of recycled paper following the implementation of prompts and proximity.

Using Verbal and Visual Prompts to Reduce Litter in High Schools in Perth, Australia

Cases
Houghton, S. (1993). Using verbal and visual prompts to control littering in high schools. Educational Studies, 19, 3, 247-254.
Verbal and visual prompts were most effective when used in combination. On average, the number of littered items was reduced to 2.5 in the cafeteria compared to 7.3 items before …

Pay-As-You-Throw in Pennsylvania

Cases
Currently, the PAYT program has been implemented in over 211 different communities in Pennsylvania. Across these municipalities, wide ranges of results have been found. The reduct…

Clean Builder Program

Cases
The project was launched on August 2, 1997 in conjunction with the Eastern Newfoundland Home Builders Association Ltd. and St. John's Clean and Beautiful. Currently there are 14 C…

Motivating Community Recycling: New Zealand Curbside Trial

Cases
Groups 2 and 3, the verbal commitment groups, recycled considerably more than the control group (who were not asked for a verbal commitment). Only 47% of the participants in group…

Giving Trash the Boot! German Fest & The Boot Mug

Cases
During the first year of the program, the boot mugs were sold for a dollar more than the cost of a regular beer. Within the first two and half-hours, all 5000 were sold. Some were…

WRAP (Waste Reduction Awards Program)

Cases
Since 1993, more than 2,800 California businesses have received WRAP awards and many of them have won multiple years. In addition, since 1996, ten companies are annually designate…

Students Teaching Students on the Importance of Using Both Sides of Paper, Conserving Energy, and Recycling

Cases
This procedure was repeated in June of 1996. Twenty five percent of the paper found in classroom recycling bins was used on both sides, and 46% of the waste in the classroom garba…

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