The Check, Clean, Dry Campaign

Cases
See Description section for Results

Using Proximity of Trash Cans and Ash Trays to Increase Convenience of Separating Litter in a Blacksburg, Virginia Shopping Mall

Cases
Geller, E. S., Brasted, W. S. & Mann, M. F. (1979). Waste receptacle designs as interventions for litter control. Journal of Environmental Systems, 9, 2, 145-160.
The greatest amount of litter separation occurred in the combination astray/garbage can receptacle. On average, 22.19 appropriate items and only 2.64 inappropriate items were dep…

The Effects of Sign Prompts and Large Receptacles on Highway Littering in Richmond, Virginia

Cases
Finnie, W. C. (1973). Field experiments in litter control. Environment and Behavior, 5, 2, 123-144.
Overall, litter was reduced by 28.6% when trash cans were present. No statistical differences were found between the highway with sign prompts and the highway without.

Improving Participation in a Newspaper Recycling Program in Apartment Complexes Using Prompts

Cases
Reid, D. H., Luyben, P. D., Rawers, R. J. & Bailey, J. S. (1976). Newspaper recycling behavior: the effects of prompting and proximity of containers. Environment and Behavior, 8, 471-481.
There was an increase of over 50% in the weight of recycled paper following the implementation of prompts and proximity.

Recycling at Festivals and Public Events

Cases
The Waste Management Branch provided staff to train festival volunteers to handle and store recyclable materials. Attendants and volunteers stood in front of the bins to accept ma…

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