Joint Effect of Feedback and Goal Setting on Performance: A Field Study of Residential Energy Conservation

Articles
Becker, L. J. (1978). Joint effect of feedback and goal setting on performance: A field study of residential energy conservation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63, 4, 428-433.
The facilitating motivational effect of feedback on performance has been attributed by some to difficult goals set in response to feedback. In the present article the effect was …

Feedback as a Means of Decreasing Residential Energy Consumption

Articles
Seligman, C., & Darley, J. M. (1977). Feedback as a means of decreasing residential energy consumption. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62, 4, 363-368.
Tested the hypothesis that providing immediate feedback to homeowners concerning their daily rate of electricity usage would be effective in reducing electricity consumption. In t…

Reducing Household Energy Consumption: A Qualitative and Quantitative Field Study

Articles
Brandon, G. & Lewis, A. (1999). Reducing household energy consumption: A qualitative and quantitative field study. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 1, 75-85.
Investigated the effect of feedback conditions, income constraints, behavioural/structural aspects, environmental attitudes, and socio-demographics on energy consumption for 120 h…

An Experimental Analysis of Electricity Conservation Procedures

Articles
Palmer, M. H., Lloyd, M. E. & Lloyd, K. E. (1977). An experimental analysis of electricity conservation procedures. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10, 4, 665-671.
Recorded the daily electricity consumption of 4 suburban families for 106 days. A reversal design, consisting of various experimental conditions interspersed between repeated base…

Influencing User Behaviour With Energy Information Display Systems for Intelligent Homes

Articles
Wood G., & Newborough M. (2007). Influencing User Behaviour with Energy Information Display Systems for Intelligent Homes. Int. J. Energy Res., 31, 56-78.
This paper considers the design of energy consumption displays from a theoretical standpoint in relation to user-appliance interactions in the home. It presents the main options f…

Dormitory Residents Reduce Electricity Consumption when Exposed to Real-Time Visual Feedback and Incentives

Articles
Petersen, J., Shunturov, V., Janda, K., Platt, G., & Weinberger, K. (2007). Dormitory Residents Reduce Electricity Consumption when Exposed to Real-Time Visual Feedback and Incentives. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 8(1), 16.
Purpose: In residential buildings, personal choices influence electricity and water consumption. Prior studies indicate that information feedback can stimulate resource conservati…

Effective Dissemination of Energy-Related Information: Applying Social Psychology and Evaluation Research

Articles
Dennis, M., Soderstrom, E.J., Koncinski, W.S., Cavanaugh, B. (1990). Effective Dissemination of Energy-Related Information: Applying Social Psychology and Evaluation Research. American Psychologist, 45(10), 1109.
Discusses the limitations of previous energy conservation programs in affecting the behavior of individual consumers. Suggests that the rational-economic model upon which they wer…

Consumer Response to Continuous-Display Electricity-Use Monitors in a Time-of-Use Pricing Experiment

Articles
Sexton, R. J., Johnson, N. B., & Konakayama, A. Consumer response to continuous-display electricity-use monitors in a time-of-use pricing experiment. Vol. 14. 1987. 55-62.
Investigated whether monitoring would encourage shifting energy demand to the off-peak period, using 480 households facing time-of-use prices for electricity and 120 control house…

Using Feedback, Reinforcement and Information to Reduce Energy Consumption in Households: A Field-Experiment

Articles
Midden, C. J., Meter, J. E., Weenig, M. H., & Zieverink, H. J. Using feedback, reinforcement and information to reduce energy consumption in households: A field-experiment. Vol. 3. 1983. 65-86.
Presents results of a research project on the effectiveness of behavior modification strategies in influencing energy use in family households. A field experiment was carried out …

Effects of Monetary Rebates, Feedback, and Information on Residential Electricity Conservation

Articles
Winett, R. A., Kagel, J. H., Battalio, R. C. & Winkler, R. C. Effects of monetary rebates, feedback, and information on residential electricity conservation. Vol. 63. 1978. 73-80.
Assigned 129 participant households in Texas during the summer to 1 of 5 experimental conditions: A high monetary rebate condition in which Ss received conservation information, w…

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