Using Proximity of Trash Cans and Ash Trays to Increase Convenience of Separating Litter in a Blacksburg, Virginia Shopping Mall

Cases
Geller, E. S., Brasted, W. S. & Mann, M. F. (1979). Waste receptacle designs as interventions for litter control. Journal of Environmental Systems, 9, 2, 145-160.
The greatest amount of litter separation occurred in the combination astray/garbage can receptacle. On average, 22.19 appropriate items and only 2.64 inappropriate items were dep…

The Effects of an Ambiguous, Negative Sign Prompt and a Clearly-Stated Positive Sign Prompt on Intentions to Litter

Cases
Horsley, A. D. (1988). The unintended effects of a posted sign on littering attitudes and stated intentions. Journal of Environmental Education, 19, 3, 10-14.
Thirty percent of participants responded that the "Please save our landscapes: don't litter" prompt would make them think about the litter problem. Furthermore, 20% indicated tha…

Using a Uniquely Designed Waste Recepticle as a Prompt to Control Litter in a Shopping Mall in Blacksburg, Virginia

Cases
Geller, E. S., Brasted, W. S. & Mann, M. F. (1979). Waste receptacle designs as interventions for litter control. Journal of Environmental Systems, 9, 2, 145-160.
Overall, the weekly average weight of the refuse in regular cans was 9.34 lbs. To compare, the average weight of trash in the bird cans was 15.05 lbs. Moreover, the bird cans ha…

Increasing Participation in Curbside Paper Recycling Using Verbal Prompts in Chicago

Cases
Spaccarelli, S., Zolik, E. & Jason, L. A. (1989-1990). Effects of verbal prompting and block characteristics on participation in curbside newspaper recycling. Journal of Environmental Systems, 19, 1, 45-57.
The information only group had only 2.4% of participants recycle at least once during the 21 weeks following the intervention. In contrast, 30% of the information and verbal prom…

Communication and Commitment Improve Participation in Curbside Recycling in Claremont California

Cases
Burn, S. M., & Oskamp, S. (1986). Increasing community recycling with persuasive communication and public commitment. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 16, 1, 29-41.
In both the commitment and the combined group, 42% of households began recycling. Thirty-nine percent started participating in the communication group. In contrast, only 11% began…

Using Communication to Increase Participation in a Curbside Recycling Program in Claremont, Ca.

Cases
Burn, S. M. (1991). Social psychology and the stimulation of recycling behaviors: The block leader approach. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 21, 8, 611-629.
During the 11 week post treatment phase, 28% of non-recyclers who were visited by the block leaders began recycling. In contrast, only 12% of the information only group began rec…

Using Group Commitment to Increase Paper Recycling in a Nursing Home in Portand, Oregon

Cases
Wang, T. H. & Katzev, R. D. (1990). Group commitment and resource conservation: Two field experiments on promoting recycling. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20, 4, Part 1, 265-275.
After the implementation of group commitment, the weight of the recycled paper increased by 47%. Furthermore, this increase remained during the four week follow up period even th…

Using Commitment and Feedback to Encourage Apartment Complex Dwellers to Participate in Curbside Recycling

Cases
DeLeon, I. G., & Fuqua, R. W. (1995). The effects of public commitment and group feedback on curbside recycling. Special Issue: Litter control and recycling. Environment and Behavior, 27, 2, 233-250.
Curbside paper recycling increased in each intervention group. The commitment only group recycled 5% more, while the feedback group increased by 25%. However, when these two too…

Reducing Lunchtime Garbage Produced by New Brunswick Students Using Prompts and Commitment

Cases
The litterless lunch reduced the volume of garbage produced by 478.29 in or approximately 1/2 a bag. In addition, there was a reduction in weight by 5.93 lbs.

Encouraging Environmentally Friendly Shopping using Prompts, Commitment and Norms

Cases
Analysis of electronic inventories indicated that the prompts did not increase the purchase of targeted items. That is, items that were identified with shelf-talkers (prompts) as…

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