Effects of Goal Setting and Commitment on Increasing Metal Recycling

Articles
McCaul, K. D. & Kopp, J. T. (1982). Effects of goal setting and commitment on increasing metal recycling. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67, 3, 377-379.
Conducted a field experiment, in which 120 college students were asked to conserve energy by collecting aluminum cans for recycling. Half of the Ss were provided with an explicit …

Psychological Factors Affecting Paper Recycling by Businesses

Articles
Oskamp, S., Williams, R., Unipan, J., Steers, N., Mainieri, T., & Kurland, G. (1994). Psychological factors affecting paper recycling by businesses. Environment and Behavior, 26, 4, 477-503.
Representatives of 92 major companies in Los Angeles County, California were interviewed on 8 practices: separating types of paper, using desktop recycling containers, using large…

The Effect of Goal-Setting and Daily Electronic Feedback on In-Home Energy Use

Articles
Van-Houwelingen, J. H. & Van-Raaij, W. F. (1989). The effect of goal-setting and daily electronic feedback on in-home energy use. Journal of Consumer Research, 16, 1, 98-105.
Compared the effects of daily electronic feedback (DEF) with monthly external feedback (MEF) and with self-monitoring (SMO) of energy use in 325 single family homes in the Netherl…

Consumer Recycling Goals and their Effect on Decisions to Recycle: A Means-End Chain Analysis. Special Issue: Psychology, Marketing, and Recycling

Articles
Bagozzi, R. P., & Dabholkar, P. A. (1994). Consumer recycling goals and their effect on decisions to recycle: A means-end chain analysis. Special Issue: Psychology, marketing, and recycling. Psychology and Marketing, 11, 4, 313-340.
Means-end chain theory and the laddering methodology were used to derive the goals relevant to consumers for recycling, as well as the interrelations among goals. Data were collec…

Joint Effect of Feedback and Goal Setting on Performance: A Field Study of Residential Energy Conservation

Articles
Becker, L. J. (1978). Joint effect of feedback and goal setting on performance: A field study of residential energy conservation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63, 4, 428-433.
The facilitating motivational effect of feedback on performance has been attributed by some to difficult goals set in response to feedback. In the present article the effect was …

Who Recycles and When? A Review of Personal and Situational Factors

Articles
Schultz, P. W., Oskamp, S., & Mainieri, T. (1995). Who recycles and when? A review of personal and situational factors. Journal of Enviornmental Psychology, 15, 2, 105-121.
Reviews 80 studies, published 1969-1995, to examine recyling behaviors as differentiated from attitudes and intentions. The effects on recycling behavior of both personal variabl…

Changing Organizational Energy Consumption Behaviour through Comparative Feedback

Articles
Siero, F. W., Bakker, A. B., Dekker, G. B., van-den-Burg, M. T. C. Changing organizational energy consumption behaviour through comparative feedback. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 16, 3,
The differential effects of 2 forms of feedback on energy consumption behavior were examined in 2 units of a metallurgical company. In 1 unit, employees received information about…

An Investigation of Strategies, Incentives, and Operational Characteristics of Recycling Programs

Articles
Kim, S. M. (1995). An investigation of strategies, incentives, and operational characteristics of recycling programs. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 56, 4-B,
How can municipalities maximize and sustain citizen participation in solid waste recycling programs? Based on survey responses from 71 recycling coordinators, this research provid…

Adapting Human Lifestyles for the 21st Century

Articles
Howard, George S. (2000). Adapting human lifestyles for the 21st century. . American Psychologist, 55, 5, 509-151.
A number of ecological problems (e.g., global warming, ozone depletion, deforestation, acid rain) have been identified, which threaten to reduce the quality of human life in t…

Psychological Contributions to Achieving an Ecologically Sustainable Future for Humanity

Articles
Oskamp, Stuart (2000). Psychological contributions to achieving an ecologically sustainable future for humanity. The Journal of Social Issues , 56, 3, 373-390.
The most serious long-term threat facing the world is the danger that human actions are producing irreversible, harmful changes to the environmental conditions that su…

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