A Room with a Viewpoint: Using Social Norms to Motivate Environmental Conservation in Hotels

Goldstein, N., Cialdini, R., & Griskevicius, V. (2008). A room with a viewpoint: Using social norms to motivate environmental conservation in hotels. Journal of Consumer Research, 35(3), 472-482. doi:10.1086/586910.
Two field experiments examined the effectiveness of signs requesting hotel guests' participation in an environmental conservation program. Appeals employing descriptive norms (e.g…

Personal Normative Beliefs, Antisocial Behavior, and Residential Water Conservation

Corral-Verdugo, V., & Frías-Armenta, M. (2006). Personal Normative Beliefs, Antisocial Behavior, and Residential Water Conservation. Environment and Behavior, 38(3), 406-421. doi:10.1177/0013916505282272.
A total of 177 residents in two Mexican cities responded to an instrument assessing (a) personal normative beliefs about water conservation, (b) beliefs about the efficacy of wate…

Comparing Normative Influences as Determinants of Environmentally Conscious Behaviours Between the USA and Japan

Ando, K., Ohnuma, S., & Chang, E. (2007). Comparing normative influences as determinants of environmentally conscious behaviours between the USA and Japan. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 10(3), 171-178. doi:10.1111/j.1467-839X.2007.00223.x.
The present study explored the influences of subjective and descriptive norms on environmentally conscious behaviours between the USA and Japan. It was predicted that subjective n…

Twenty Years After Hines, Hungerford, and Tomera: A New Meta-Analysis of psycho-Social Determinants of Pro-Environmental Behaviour

Bamberg, S., & Möser, G. (2007). Twenty years after Hines, Hungerford, and Tomera: A new meta-analysis of psycho-social determinants of pro-environmental behaviour. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27(1), 14-25.
The goal of the present paper is a replication as well as an extension of the Hines et al. [(1986/87). Analysis and synthesis of research on responsible environmental behaviour: A…

Using Community-Based Social Marketing Techniques to Enhance Environmental Regulation

Kennedy, A. (2010). Using Community-Based Social Marketing Techniques to Enhance Environmental Regulation. Sustainability, 2(4), 1138-1160
This article explores how environmental regulation may be improved through the use of community-based social marketing techniques. While regulation is an important tool of sustain…

The Relative Effectiveness of Models and Prompts on Energy Conservation: A Field Experiment in a Shower Room

Aronson, E. & O'Leary, M. (1982-83). The relative effectiveness of models and prompts on energy conservation: A field experiment in a shower room. Journal of Environmental Systems, 12, 3, 219-224.
Signs were placed in the field house shower rooms of a university campus exhorting people to conserve water and energy by turning off the water while soaping up. Making the signs…

Predicting Intentions to Conserve Water from the Theory of Planned Behavior, Perceived Moral Obligation, and Perceived Water Right

Lam, S. P. (1999). Predicting intentions to conserve water from the theory of planned behavior, perceived moral obligation, and perceived water right. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29, 5, 1058-1071.
Tested the explanatory power of I. Ajzen's (1991) theory of planned behavior (TPB) and a modified TPB model including perceived moral obligation (PMO) and perceived water right (P…

Suburban Lawns: Dimensions of Meaning, Activities, and Environmental Concerns Reported by Homeowning Couples in Georgia and Michigan

Shern, L. C. (1995). Suburban lawns: Dimensions of meaning, activities, and environmental concerns reported by homeowning couples in Georgia and Michigan. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 56, 3-B,
Mounting evidence points to detrimental effects to the environment and human health from the overuse and misuse of fertilizers and pesticides. Of increasing concern in the United …

Preferences for Landscape Choice in a Southwestern Desert City

Yabiku, S., Casagrande, D., & Farley-Metzger, E. (2008, May). Preferences for landscape choice in a Southwestern desert city. Environment and Behavior, 40(3), 382-400.
Through outdoor water consumption, residential landscaping behavior affects public policy and the environment in the American Southwest. We propose a decision framework based on c…

Social Norms: An Underestimated and Underemployed Lever for Managing Climate Change

Griskevicius,V., Cialdini, R.B., and Goldstein, N.J. (2008). Social Norms: An Underestimated and Underemployed Lever for Managing Climate Change. International Journal for Sustainability Communication, 3, 5-13.
It is widely recognized that communications that make social norms salient can be effective in influencing behavior. What is surprising, given the strength of the evidence, is how…

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