Social Impacts of Energy Conservation

Articles
Held, M. (1983). Social impacts of energy conservation. Journal of Economic Psychology, 3, 3-4, 379-394.
Discusses the potential social implications of energy conservation measures, particularly with reference to equity and distributional impacts and to the voluntariness dimension. I…

Reduction of Residential Consumption of Electricity through Simple Monthly Feedback

Articles
Hayes, S. C., & Cone, J. D. (1981). Reduction of residential consumption of electricity through simple monthly feedback. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 14, 1, 81-88.
Feedback has been widely used in efforts to control the consumption of electricity. Previous efforts, however, have used forms of feedback that seem economically impractical. The …

Reducing Residential Electrical Energy Use: Payments, Information and Feedback

Articles
Hayes, S. C., & Cone, J. D. (1977). Reducing residential electrical energy use: Payments, information and feedback. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10, 3, 425-435.
Monetary payments, energy information, and daily feedback on consumption were employed to reduce electricity use in 4 units of an 80-unit university student housing complex for ma…

Household Energy Conservation: A Review of the Federal Residential Conservation Service

Articles
Hirst, E. (1984). Household energy conservation: A review of the federal residential conservation service. Public Administration Review, 44, 421-430.

Review of Utility Home Energy Audit Programs

Articles
Hirst, E., Berry, L. & Soderstrom, J. (1981). Review of utility home energy audit programs. Energy, 6, 7, 621-630.
Evaluation efforts of utilities with active home energy audit programs were reviewed to provide insights into the operations and effectiveness of existing utility home energy audi…

Advertising and the Department of Energy's Campaign for Energy Conservation

Articles
Hutton, R. R. (1982). Advertising and the Department of Energy's campaign for energy conservation. Journal of Advertising, 11, 2, 27-39.
Motivating consumers to conserve energy has proven to be a difficult task in the United States. One tactic that has been used on a limited basis by the Department of Energy is pa…

Cognitive Dissonance and Energy Conservation

Articles
Kantola, S. J., Syme, G. J., & Campbell, N. A. (1984). Cognitive dissonance and energy conservation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 3, 416-421.
Examined whether high consumers of electricity placed in a cognitively dissonant situation would conserve electricity over a 4-wk period. 272 households in Perth, Western Australi…

Folk Quantification of Energy

Articles
Kempton, W., & Montgomery, L. (1982). Folk quantification of energy. Energy, 7, 10, 817-827.
Consumers use simplified measurements as a basis for residential energy decisions. We analyze their measurements of monthly consumption, changes through time, comparison of appl…

Do Consumers Know "What Works" in Energy Conservation?

Articles
Kempton, W., Harris, C. K., Keith, J. G., & Weihl, J. S. (1985). Do consumers know "what works" in energy conservation?. Marriage and Family Review, 9, 1-2, 115-133.
Investigated consumer attitudes toward energy conservation (efficiency investments, better management, and curtailment of amenities) by examining consumer bias in comparing measur…

Psychological Research for the New Energy Problems: Strategies and Opportunities

Articles
Kempton, W., Darley, J. M., & Stern, P. C. (1992). Psychological research for the new energy problems: Strategies and opportunities. American Psychologist, 47, 10, 1213-1223.
Recent concern with environmental problems has rekindled interest in energy conservation. To illustrate how psychologists can make useful contributions and how a changed energy si…

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