Using a Normative Appeal to Control Litter at a Public Swimming Pool

Cases
Reich, J. W., & Robertson, J. L. (1979). Reactance and norm appeal in anti-littering messages. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 9, 1, 91-101.
A literature review revealed that a statement that puts an extreme demand on a person is likely to elicit the undesirable behavior. On the other hand, a statement that creates a n…

The Seafood Watch Program

Cases
The Seafood Watch program began as a list of sustainable seafood choices developed by the Monterey Bay Aquarium between 1997-1999. This list was developed in order to answer visit…

Turn it Off: Anti-Idling Project Using Commitment, Prompts and Norms

Cases
This pilot project sought to decrease the frequency and duration of motorists idling their vehicle engines. The pilot project involved staff approaching motorists at Toronto schoo…

Energy Star: The Symbol for Energy Efficiency.

Cases
Energy Star is a government and industry partnership that makes it easier for businesses and consumers to save money and protect the environment. In 1992, the U. S. Environmental …

Recycling at Festivals and Public Events

Cases
The international environmental agency for local governments (ICLEI) have a mission to build and serve a worldwide movement of local governments to achieve tangible improvements i…

Motivating Community Recycling: New Zealand Curbside Trial

Cases
Randomly selected residents of New Zealand were asked to participate in a curbside recycling trial. Two weeks before the first collection they received a letter from the mayor tha…

Using Verbal and Visual Prompts to Reduce Litter in High Schools in Perth, Australia

Cases
Houghton, S. (1993). Using verbal and visual prompts to control littering in high schools. Educational Studies, 19, 3, 247-254.
A literature review revealed that prompts were an effective tool in controlling litter. Therefore, verbal and visual prompts were incorporated into a pilot program designed to cur…

Reducing Speeding Behavior by Using Public Posting Prompt

Cases
Van Houten, R., Nau, P. A., & Marini Z. (1980). An analysis of public posting in reducing speeding behavior on an urban highway. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13, 3, 383-395.
Drivers travelling during the week between 10:30 and 10:50 a.m. and 2:30 and 2:50 p.m. on a four-lane undivided highway entering a residential area of Dartmouth, Nova Scotia were …

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