On the Risks of Recycling Because of Guilt: An Examination of the Consequences of Introjection

Articles
Koestner, R., Houlfort, N., Paquet, S., & Knight, C. (2001). On the risks of recycling because of guilt: An examination of the consequences of introjection. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31(12), 2545-2560.
Examined the influence of introjected beliefs on proenvironmental behavior. 116 undergraduate students (aged 17-37 yrs) completed interviews concerning their recycling behavior an…

Combining Behavioral Theories to Predict Recycling Involvement

Articles
Oom Do Valle, P., Rebelo, E., Reis, E., & Menezes, J. (2005). Combining Behavioral Theories to Predict Recycling Involvement. Environment and Behavior, 37(3), 364-396. doi:10.1177/0013916504272563.
This study merges insights from two well-known attitude-behavior theories—the theory of planned behavior and the model of altruistic behavior—with elements from two broader models…

The Response to the Commitment with Block-Leader Recycling Promotion Technique: A Longitudinal Approach

Articles
Meneses, G., & Palacio, A. (2007). The response to the commitment with block-leader recycling promotion technique: A longitudinal approach. Journal of Nonprofit & Public Sector Marketing, 17(1-2), 83-102.
This article focuses on the study of the changes in consumers' recycling beliefs, attitudes, and behavior due to the application of one promotion technique: a commitment by block …

Validation, Persuasion and Recycling: Capitalizing on the Social Ecology of Newspaper Use

Articles
Werner, Carol M.; Byerly, Sari; White, Paul H.; Kieffer, Matthew (2004). Validation, Persuasion and Recycling: Capitalizing on the Social Ecology of Newspaper Use. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 26, 2, 183-198.
Two experiments used clinical validation to increase scrutiny of messages posted in public settings. The first experiment used a 2 (validation: no/yes) × 2 (persuasion: none/"it i…

Implementing a Community-Based Social Marketing Program to Increase Recycling

Articles
Haldeman, T. & Turner, J. (2009). Implementing a community-based social marketing program to increase recycling. Social Marketing Quarterly, 15(3), 114-127.
This article examines the effectiveness of implementing a community-based social marketing program to increase recycling. Researchers went door-to-door in a 200-home community dis…

Changing Behavior with Normative Feedback Interventions: A Field Experiment on Curbside Recycling

Articles
Schultz, P. W. (1999). Changing behavior with normative feedback interventions: A field experiment on curbside recycling. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 21, 1, 25-36.
Examined the effects of normative feedback on community curbside recycling, and predicted that activation of personal and social norms would lead to an increase in household recyc…

Non-Response to the Recycling Promotion Technique of Blockleader and Commitment

Articles
Meneses, G.D. (2009). Non-response to the recycling promotion technique of blockleader and commitment. Journal of Socio-Economics, 38(4), pp. 663-671.
The use of the recycling promotion technique which consists of commitment through a blockleader incentive has demonstrated that those individuals who are reluctant to increase the…

Signs that Encourage Internalized Recycling: Clinical Validation, Weak Messages and 'Creative Elaboration'

Articles
Werner, C., White, P., Byerly, S., & Stoll, R. (2009). Signs that encourage internalized recycling: Clinical validation, weak messages and 'creative elaboration.'. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29(2), 193-202.
Two experiments examined clinical validation’s ability to increase examination of a persuasive message and increase long-term recycling. In Experiment 1, validating (acknowledging…

Increasing Community Recycling with Persuasive Communication and Public Commitment

Articles
Burn, S. M., & Oskamp, S. (1986). Increasing community recycling with persuasive communication and public commitment. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 16, 1, 29-41.
201 households that did not recycle during a 6-wk baseline period heard an oral informational statement delivered by 10 trained Boy Scouts (aged 13-17 yrs), and then 1 of 3 were…

Social Psychology and the Stimulation of Recycling Behaviors: The Block Leader Approach

Articles
Burn, S. M. (1991). Social psychology and the stimulation of recycling behaviors: The block leader approach. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 21, 8, 611-629.
Evaluated 2 treatments designed to increase participation in a city-sponsored curbside recycling program. In the block leader (BL) condition, in which 41 homes took part, citize…

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